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Burlington County Public Health Profile Report

Incidence of Childhood Brain and Central Nervous System Cancers: Age-Adjusted Rate per 100,000, 1990-2014

  • Burlington
    3.4
    95% Confidence Interval (2.7 - 4.3)
    State
    3.6
    U.S.NA
    NA=Data not available.
  • Burlington Compared to State

    gauge ranking
    Description of Gauge

    Description of the Gauge

    This graphic is based on the county data to the left. It compares the county value of this indicator to the state overall value.
    • Excellent = The county's value on this indicator is BETTER than the state value, and the difference IS statistically significant.
    • Watch = The county's value is BETTER than state value, but the difference IS NOT statistically significant.
    • Improvement Needed = The county's value on this indicator is WORSE than the state value, but the difference IS NOT statistically significant.
    • Reason for Concern = The county's value on this indicator is WORSE than the state value, and the difference IS statistically significant.

    The county value is considered statistically significantly different from the state value if the state value is outside the range of the county's 95% confidence interval. If the county's data or 95% confidence interval information is not available, a blank gauge image will be displayed with the message, "missing information."
    NOTE: The labels used on the gauge graphic are meant to describe the county's status in plain language. The placement of the gauge needle is based solely on the statistical difference between the county and state values. When selecting priority health issues to work on, a county should take into account additional factors such as how much improvement could be made, the U.S. value, the statistical stability of the county number, the severity of the health condition, and whether the difference is clinically significant.

Why Is This Important?

In general, childhood cancers are rare and represent about 1% of all cancers. Cancers of the brain and central nervous sytem (CNS) are the second most common type of childhood cancers (ages 0 - 14), and represent over 20% of all cancers in this age group. At this time, we do not know what causes most childhood brain and CNS cancers.

How Are We Doing?

On average, 78 children ages 0-19 are diagnosed annually with brain and CNS cancers in New Jersey. Between 1990 and 2014, the New Jersey brain and central nervous system cancers incidence rates in children ages 0 - 14 and 0 - 19 were generally stable. Mortality rates for most types of childhood cancers have steadily decreased in recent years due to improved treatments.

What Is Being Done?

A Comprehensive Cancer Control Plan was developed by the Task Force on Cancer Prevention, Early Detection and Treatment in New Jersey which aims to reduce the incidence, illness and death due to cancer among New Jersey residents. [https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/ncccp/ccc_plans.htm]

Related Indicators

Health Status Outcomes:


Note

Incidence rates (cases per 100,000 population per year) are age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population (19 age groups: <1, 1-4, 5-9, ..., 80-84, 85+). Rates are for invasive cancer only (except for bladder cancer which is invasive and in situ) or unless otherwise specified. Number of cases (numerator) is the total count of cases over the defined interval.

Data Sources

NJ State Cancer Registry, March 29, 2017 Analytic File, using NCI SEER*Stat ver 8.3.4, [https://seer.cancer.gov/seerstat/]   NJ population estimates as calculated by the NCI's SEER Program, released December 2016, [http://www.seer.cancer.gov/popdata/download.html]  

Measure Description for Incidence of Childhood Brain and Central Nervous System Cancers

Definition: Incidence rate of brain and central nervous system cancers in children for a defined population in a specified time interval. Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. Standard Population. Rates are per 100,000 population.
Numerator: Number of new cases of brain and other nervous system cancers in children among a defined population in a specified time interval. Cases were selected using ICCC recode ICD-0-3/WHO recode.
Denominator: Defined population in a specified time interval. Population age groups 0-14 and 0-19 are both found to be useful by the International Classification of Childhood Cancers (ICCC).

Indicator Profile Report

Incidence of Childhood Brain and Central Nervous System Cancers (exits this report)

Date Content Last Updated

07/07/2017
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Thu, 14 December 2017 10:09:25 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

Content updated: Wed, 15 Nov 2017 07:52:40 EST