Cumberland County Public Health Profile Report
Breast Cancer Screening: Estimated Percent (Age-adjusted), 2014-2015
Cumberland83.1% 95% Confidence Interval(77.2% - 87.8%)Description of the Confidence IntervalThe confidence interval indicates the range of probable true values for the level of risk in the community.
A value of "NA" (Not Available) will appear if the confidence interval was not published with the NJSHAD indicator data for this measure.
State78.7% U.S. NANA=Data not available.
Cumberland Compared to State
Description of Gauge
Description of the GaugeThis graphic is based on the county data to the left. It compares the county value of this indicator to the state overall value.
The county value is considered statistically significantly different from the state value if the state value is outside the range of the county's 95% confidence interval. If the county's data or 95% confidence interval information is not available, a blank gauge image will be displayed with the message, "missing information."NOTE: The labels used on the gauge graphic are meant to describe the county's status in plain language. The placement of the gauge needle is based solely on the statistical difference between the county and state values. When selecting priority health issues to work on, a county should take into account additional factors such as how much improvement could be made, the U.S. value, the statistical stability of the county number, the severity of the health condition, and whether the difference is clinically significant.
- Excellent = The county's value on this indicator is BETTER than the state value, and the difference IS statistically significant.
- Watch = The county's value is BETTER than state value, but the difference IS NOT statistically significant.
- Improvement Needed = The county's value on this indicator is WORSE than the state value, but the difference IS NOT statistically significant.
- Reason for Concern = The county's value on this indicator is WORSE than the state value, and the difference IS statistically significant.
Why Is This Important?About one in eight women in the United States will develop breast cancer during their lifetime and this risk increases with age. A mammogram is an X-ray picture of the breast and is the most accurate tool for detecting breast cancer. Health care providers use a mammogram to look for early signs of breast cancer.
Risk and Resiliency FactorsAccording to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, risk factors for breast cancer include: older age (>50 years); genetic mutations (e.g., BRCA1 and BRCA2); early age at menstruation (<12 years); no or late (>30 years) pregnancy; late age at menopause (>55 years); lack of physical activity; being overweight or obese after menopause; having dense breasts; using combination hormone therapy (i.e., estrogen and progestin together); taking oral contraceptives; personal or family history of breast cancer; personal history of certain non-cancerous breast diseases (e.g., atypical hyperplasia or lobular carcinoma in situ); previous radiation therapy to chest or breasts (e.g., like for treatment of Hodgkin's lymphoma) before age 30 years; alcohol consumption. Women who took diethylstilbestrol (DES) during pregnancy and women whose mothers took DES are also at increased risk for breast cancer.
How Are We Doing?The percentage of New Jersey women who are current with breast cancer screening recommendations has remained stable for over the last five years.
What Is Being Done?The New Jersey Cancer Education and Early Detection (NJCEED) Program provides comprehensive outreach, education and screening services for breast, cervical, colorectal and prostate cancers. The services provided by NJCEED include: *Education *Outreach *Screening *Case Management *Tracking *Follow-up *Facilitation into Treatment
Healthy People Objective C-17:Increase the proportion of women who receive a breast cancer screening based on the most recent guidelines
U.S. Target: 81.1 percent
State Target: 87.5 percent
Relevant Population Characteristics:
Health Care System Factors:
- Obesity Among Adults
- Physical Activity-Adult Prevalence
- Total Fertility Rate
- Alcohol Consumption - Binge Drinking
Health Status Outcomes:
NoteEstimates are age-adjusted using the 2000 U.S. standard population.
Data SourcesBehavioral Risk Factor Survey, Center for Health Statistics, New Jersey Department of Health, [http://www.state.nj.us/health/chs/njbrfs/]
Measure Description for Breast Cancer Screening
Definition: Estimated percentage of New Jersey women aged 50 to 74 years who reported having a mammogram in the last two years.
Numerator: The number of women 50 to 74 years or older who reported having a mammogram in the last two years.
Denominator: The total number of female survey respondents aged 50 to 74 excluding those who responded "don't know" or "refused" to the numerator question.