Cumberland County Public Health Profile Report
Cigarette Smoking Among Adults: Estimated Percent (Age-adjusted), 2013-2015
Cumberland21.2% 95% Confidence Interval(18.3% - 24.4%)Description of the Confidence IntervalThe confidence interval indicates the range of probable true values for the level of risk in the community.
A value of "NA" (Not Available) will appear if the confidence interval was not published with the NJSHAD indicator data for this measure.
State15.2% U.S. NANA=Data not available.
Cumberland Compared to State
Description of Gauge
Description of the GaugeThis graphic is based on the county data to the left. It compares the county value of this indicator to the state overall value.
The county value is considered statistically significantly different from the state value if the state value is outside the range of the county's 95% confidence interval. If the county's data or 95% confidence interval information is not available, a blank gauge image will be displayed with the message, "missing information."NOTE: The labels used on the gauge graphic are meant to describe the county's status in plain language. The placement of the gauge needle is based solely on the statistical difference between the county and state values. When selecting priority health issues to work on, a county should take into account additional factors such as how much improvement could be made, the U.S. value, the statistical stability of the county number, the severity of the health condition, and whether the difference is clinically significant.
- Excellent = The county's value on this indicator is BETTER than the state value, and the difference IS statistically significant.
- Watch = The county's value is BETTER than state value, but the difference IS NOT statistically significant.
- Improvement Needed = The county's value on this indicator is WORSE than the state value, but the difference IS NOT statistically significant.
- Reason for Concern = The county's value on this indicator is WORSE than the state value, and the difference IS statistically significant.
Why Is This Important?Tobacco use is one of the leading preventable causes of death and disease in the United States. Smoking claims nearly 440,000 lives each year. It has been shown that smoking increases the risk for chronic lung disease, coronary heart disease, and stroke, as well as cancer of the lungs, larynx, esophagus, mouth, and bladder. In addition, smoking contributes to cancer of the cervix, pancreas, and kidneys. Exposure to secondhand smoke increases the risk for heart disease and lung cancer among nonsmokers.
How Are We Doing?Although New Jersey's smoking rates have decreased since its Master Settlement Agreement-funded programs were initiated, more than one million New Jersey adults continue to smoke. People with fewer years of formal education report higher rates of tobacco use compared to the general population. Comprehensive and free quitting services are needed to help New Jersey smokers quit and ensure a decline in tobacco use rates among all population groups.
What Is Being Done?The [http://www.nj.gov/health/fhs/tobacco/ Office of Tobacco Control] at the New Jersey Department of Health and its partners use comprehensive programs to prevent the initiation of tobacco use among young people, to help tobacco users quit, to eliminate nonsmokers' exposure to secondhand smoke, and to reduce tobacco-related disparities. These programs include free quitting services, school- and community-based prevention programs and education regarding the [http://www.njleg.state.nj.us/2004/Bills/PL05/383_.HTM New Jersey Smoke-Free Air Act].
Healthy People Objective TU-1.1:Reduce tobacco use by adults: Cigarette smoking
U.S. Target: 12.0 percent (age-adjusted)
State Target: 15.4 percent (age-adjusted)
Relevant Population Characteristics:
- Incidence of Early-Stage Oral and Pharyngeal Cancer
- Incidence of Esophageal Cancer
- Incidence of Laryngeal Cancer
- Incidence of Lung & Bronchus Cancer
Health Status Outcomes:
NoteAll prevalence estimates are age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population.
Data SourcesBehavioral Risk Factor Survey, Center for Health Statistics, New Jersey Department of Health, [http://www.state.nj.us/health/chs/njbrfs/]
Measure Description for Cigarette Smoking Among Adults
Definition: Percentage of adults aged 18 years and older who smoke cigarettes every day or some days
Numerator: Number of adults aged 18 years and older who have smoked at least 100 cigarettes in their lifetime and who now report smoking cigarettes every day or some days
Denominator: Number of adults aged 18 years and older