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Cape May County Public Health Profile Report

Perinatal Mortality Rate: Deaths per 1,000 Live Births Plus Fetal Deaths, 2010-2014

  • Cape May
    5.9
    95% Confidence Interval NA
    State
    5.1
    U.S.NA
    NA=Data not available.
  • Cape May Compared to State

    gauge ranking
    Description of Gauge

    Description of the Gauge

    This graphic is based on the county data to the left. It compares the county value of this indicator to the state overall value.
    • Excellent = The county's value on this indicator is BETTER than the state value, and the difference IS statistically significant.
    • Watch = The county's value is BETTER than state value, but the difference IS NOT statistically significant.
    • Improvement Needed = The county's value on this indicator is WORSE than the state value, but the difference IS NOT statistically significant.
    • Reason for Concern = The county's value on this indicator is WORSE than the state value, and the difference IS statistically significant.

    The county value is considered statistically significantly different from the state value if the state value is outside the range of the county's 95% confidence interval. If the county's data or 95% confidence interval information is not available, a blank gauge image will be displayed with the message, "missing information."
    NOTE: The labels used on the gauge graphic are meant to describe the county's status in plain language. The placement of the gauge needle is based solely on the statistical difference between the county and state values. When selecting priority health issues to work on, a county should take into account additional factors such as how much improvement could be made, the U.S. value, the statistical stability of the county number, the severity of the health condition, and whether the difference is clinically significant.

Why Is This Important?

The perinatal death rate is a critical measure of a population's health. Fetal and neonatal mortality, the components of perinatal mortality, are important indicators of fetal, infant, and maternal health status and medical care (pre- and post-delivery).

How Are We Doing?

The perinatal mortality rate in New Jersey is slowly declining, yet disparities exist across the state and by maternal and infant characteristics. The rate among children of Black mothers is well above that of other race/ethnicity groups. Most of the counties with high perinatal mortality rates are in South Jersey. The leading causes of perinatal mortality are placenta, cord, and membrane complications and short gestation (preterm) and low birth weight.

What Is Being Done?

The Division of Family Health Services in the New Jersey Department of Health administers programs to enhance the health, safety and well-being of families and communities in New Jersey. Several programs are aimed at improving children's health, including reducing perinatal mortality. Information on programs that promote availability and use of prenatal care services may be found at: http://www.nj.gov/health/fhs/prenatal/index.shtml or http://njparentlink.nj.gov/njparentlink/health/before/ Information on programs that promote newborn health is at: http://www.nj.gov/health/fhs/newborn/index.shtml or http://njparentlink.nj.gov/njparentlink/health/safety/ The Department of Health has provided state funding to improve perinatal public health services and birth outcomes in communities. Perinatal deaths are reviewed by the Fetal Infant Mortality Review Team and recommendations to reduce future deaths are made to public and private sources of care including hospitals, clinics, and health care professionals throughout the state. Efforts are continuing to increase public and provider awareness of needs for greater access to maternal preconception care, more awareness of risky preconception and post-conception behavior and for better general maternal health care.

Healthy People Objective MICH-1.2:

Fetal and infant deaths during perinatal period (28 weeks of gestation to 7 days after birth)
U.S. Target: 5.9 perinatal deaths per 1,000 live births and fetal deaths

Note

** The number of deaths is too small to calculate a reliable rate.

Data Sources

Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health   Fetal Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registration, New Jersey Department of Health   Linked Infant Death-Birth Database, Center for Health Statistics, New Jersey Department of Health  

Measure Description for Perinatal Mortality Rate

Definition: Rate of fetal deaths at 28 or more weeks of gestation plus infant deaths less than 7 days of age in a given year, per 1,000 live births plus fetal deaths of 28 or more weeks gestation in the same year. [NCHS Definition I] Fetal death, which is also referred to as stillbirth or miscarriage, is defined as death prior to the complete expulsion or extraction of the fetus from its mother, where the fetus shows no signs of life. Additionally, only spontaneous fetal deaths, not induced or intentional terminations of pregnancy, are included in this definition.
Numerator: Number of resident fetal deaths at 28 or more weeks of gestation plus resident infant deaths less than 7 days old in a given year
Denominator: Number of live births plus fetal deaths of 28 or more weeks gestation to resident mothers in the same year

Indicator Profile Report

Perinatal Mortality Rate (exits this report)

Date Content Last Updated

11/07/2016
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Mon, 18 December 2017 1:58:48 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

Content updated: Wed, 15 Nov 2017 07:52:40 EST