Cape May County Public Health Profile Report
Very Preterm Singleton Births: Percentage of Singleton Births, 2011-2015
Cape May1.0% 95% Confidence Interval(0.8% - 1.4%)Description of the Confidence IntervalThe confidence interval indicates the range of probable true values for the level of risk in the community.
A value of "NA" (Not Available) will appear if the confidence interval was not published with the NJSHAD indicator data for this measure.
Cape May Compared to State
Description of Gauge
Description of the GaugeThis graphic is based on the county data to the left. It compares the county value of this indicator to the state overall value.
The county value is considered statistically significantly different from the state value if the state value is outside the range of the county's 95% confidence interval. If the county's data or 95% confidence interval information is not available, a blank gauge image will be displayed with the message, "missing information."NOTE: The labels used on the gauge graphic are meant to describe the county's status in plain language. The placement of the gauge needle is based solely on the statistical difference between the county and state values. When selecting priority health issues to work on, a county should take into account additional factors such as how much improvement could be made, the U.S. value, the statistical stability of the county number, the severity of the health condition, and whether the difference is clinically significant.
- Excellent = The county's value on this indicator is BETTER than the state value, and the difference IS statistically significant.
- Watch = The county's value is BETTER than state value, but the difference IS NOT statistically significant.
- Improvement Needed = The county's value on this indicator is WORSE than the state value, but the difference IS NOT statistically significant.
- Reason for Concern = The county's value on this indicator is WORSE than the state value, and the difference IS statistically significant.
Why Is This Important?Prematurity increases the risk for infant morbidity and mortality. Infants born preterm are at greater risk of dying in the first month of life. Preterm infants may require intensive care at birth and are at higher risk of developmental disabilities and chronic illnesses throughout life. They are more likely to require special education services. Health care costs and length of hospital stay are higher for preterm infants. The more preterm an infant is born, the more severe the health problems are likely to be. There are many health, behavioral, socioeconomic, and environmental factors known to increase the risk of preterm birth. Therefore, it is useful to track preterm birth as part of an Environmental Public Health Tracking system. Infants from multiple births (twins, triplets, etc.), are more likely to be born preterm, so to separate the effect of multiple birth from other causes, the EPHT indicator for very preterm birth focuses on singleton births only.
How Are We Doing?The percentage of singleton infants born very preterm (before 32 weeks of gestation) among New Jersey residents is 1.2%. Preterm delivery of singletons is more than three times as likely among Blacks as it is among Whites and Asians and twice as likely as it is among Hispanics. The rate varies from 0.7% to 1.8% across counties.
What Is Being Done?The Division of Family Health Services in the New Jersey Department of Health administers programs to enhance the health, safety and well-being of families and communities in New Jersey. Several programs are aimed at improving children's health, including reducing infant mortality. [http://www.nj.gov/health/fhs]
Health Status Outcomes:
Data SourcesBirth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
Measure Description for Very Preterm Singleton Births
Definition: Percent of live born singleton infants born before 32 weeks of gestation based on obstetric estimate Preterm is synonymous with premature. Infants born before 37 weeks of pregnancy are considered preterm and those born before 32 weeks of pregnancy are considered very preterm. Infants born after 37 weeks of pregnancy are called full term. Most pregnancies last around 40 weeks. Singletons are births that are not twins, triplets, or higher order.
Numerator: Number of live born singleton infants born before 32 weeks of gestation to resident mothers
Denominator: Number of live singleton infants born to residents mothers