Cape May County Public Health Profile Report
Immunization - Influenza, Adults: Estimated Percent, 2015
Cape May64.3% 95% Confidence Interval(56.4% - 71.6%)Description of the Confidence IntervalThe confidence interval indicates the range of probable true values for the level of risk in the community.
A value of "NA" (Not Available) will appear if the confidence interval was not published with the NJSHAD indicator data for this measure.
Cape May Compared to State
Description of Gauge
Description of the GaugeThis graphic is based on the county data to the left. It compares the county value of this indicator to the state overall value.
The county value is considered statistically significantly different from the state value if the state value is outside the range of the county's 95% confidence interval. If the county's data or 95% confidence interval information is not available, a blank gauge image will be displayed with the message, "missing information."NOTE: The labels used on the gauge graphic are meant to describe the county's status in plain language. The placement of the gauge needle is based solely on the statistical difference between the county and state values. When selecting priority health issues to work on, a county should take into account additional factors such as how much improvement could be made, the U.S. value, the statistical stability of the county number, the severity of the health condition, and whether the difference is clinically significant.
- Excellent = The county's value on this indicator is BETTER than the state value, and the difference IS statistically significant.
- Watch = The county's value is BETTER than state value, but the difference IS NOT statistically significant.
- Improvement Needed = The county's value on this indicator is WORSE than the state value, but the difference IS NOT statistically significant.
- Reason for Concern = The county's value on this indicator is WORSE than the state value, and the difference IS statistically significant.
Why Is This Important?Influenza, or flu, is an acute viral infection involving the respiratory tract that can occur in epidemics or pandemics. Influenza can cause a person, especially older persons, to be more susceptible to bacterial pneumonia. Pneumonia and influenza together constitute the tenth leading cause of death (2009) among New Jersey residents; over 80% of these deaths occur in persons aged 65 and over.
How Are We Doing?In 2013, 57% of all New Jersey adults aged 65 and older reported having received the influenza vaccination in the past 12 months. Flu vaccination is lower among Blacks (48.9%), Hispanics (56.1%), and Asians (63.5%) compared to Whites (58.6%).
What Is Being Done?Since 1998, NJDOH has played a lead role in a statewide adult immunization campaign, collaborating with organizations such as the New Jersey Quality Improvement Organization (NJ-QIO), local health agencies, the provider community, long-term care facilities and hospitals to increase the influenza and pneumococcal vaccination rates among seniors statewide. NJDOH has adopted regulations requiring nursing homes to offer these two immunizations to all residents, and for hospitals to offer them to seniors who have been admitted for treatment. These measures, in combination with continued education and outreach, should improve coverage rates by 2010. The goal of the New Jersey State Strategic Plan on Aging, October 1, 2005-Oct 30, 2008 is to implement evidence-based health promotion and disease prevention programs including influenza vaccination among seniors.
Healthy People Objective IID-12.7:Increase the percentage of children and adults who are vaccinated annually against seasonal influenza: Noninstitutionalized adults aged 65 years and older
U.S. Target: 90 percent
State Target: To be determined
NoteStarting in 2011, BRFSS protocol requires that the NJBRFS incorporate a fixed quota of interviews from cell phone respondents along with a new weighting methodology called iterative proportional fitting or "raking". The new weighting methodology incorporates additional demographic information (such as education, race, and marital status) in the weighting process. These methodological changes were implemented to account for the underrepresentation of certain demographic groups in the land line sample (which resulted in part from the increasing number of U.S. households without land line phones). Comparisons between 2011 and prior years should therefore be made with caution. (More details about these changes can be found at http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6122a3.htm.)
Data SourcesBehavioral Risk Factor Survey, Center for Health Statistics, New Jersey Department of Health, [http://www.state.nj.us/health/chs/njbrfs/]
Measure Description for Immunization - Influenza, Adults
Definition: Percentage of adults aged 65+ who report receiving an influenza vaccination in the past 12 months.
Numerator: Number of survey respondents aged 65+ who report receiving an influenza vaccination in the past 12 months.
Denominator: Number of survey respondents aged 65+.