Cumberland County Public Health Profile Report
No Prenatal Care: Percentage of Live Births, 2011-2015
Cumberland1.6% 95% Confidence Interval(1.4% - 1.9%)Description of the Confidence IntervalThe confidence interval indicates the range of probable true values for the level of risk in the community.
A value of "NA" (Not Available) will appear if the confidence interval was not published with the NJSHAD indicator data for this measure.
Cumberland Compared to State
Description of Gauge
Description of the GaugeThis graphic is based on the county data to the left. It compares the county value of this indicator to the state overall value.
The county value is considered statistically significantly different from the state value if the state value is outside the range of the county's 95% confidence interval. If the county's data or 95% confidence interval information is not available, a blank gauge image will be displayed with the message, "missing information."NOTE: The labels used on the gauge graphic are meant to describe the county's status in plain language. The placement of the gauge needle is based solely on the statistical difference between the county and state values. When selecting priority health issues to work on, a county should take into account additional factors such as how much improvement could be made, the U.S. value, the statistical stability of the county number, the severity of the health condition, and whether the difference is clinically significant.
- Excellent = The county's value on this indicator is BETTER than the state value, and the difference IS statistically significant.
- Watch = The county's value is BETTER than state value, but the difference IS NOT statistically significant.
- Improvement Needed = The county's value on this indicator is WORSE than the state value, but the difference IS NOT statistically significant.
- Reason for Concern = The county's value on this indicator is WORSE than the state value, and the difference IS statistically significant.
Why Is This Important?Women who receive early and consistent prenatal care increase their likelihood of giving birth to a healthy child. Health care providers recommend that women begin prenatal care in the first trimester of their pregnancy.
How Are We Doing?The percentage of New Jersey mothers who do not receive prenatal care had been fairly steady at slightly above 1% through the past two decades. The addition of an explicit "Did Mother Receive Prenatal Care?" question in the new VIP birth registration system is mostly responsible for the increase to 1.4% in 2015. Rates for Whites, Hispanics, and Asians have remained fairly constant since 2000, however, the rate among Blacks has declined about 40% since then. Rates of no prenatal care vary widely by county from a low of 0.3% (Hunterdon) to a high of 2.3% (Essex).
What Is Being Done?The Division of Family Health Services in the New Jersey Department of Health administers programs to enhance the health, safety and well-being of families and communities in New Jersey. Several programs are aimed at improving birth outcomes. [http://www.nj.gov/health/fhs/]
Health Care System Factors:
- Adequate Prenatal Care (Kotelchuck Index)
- Health Insurance Coverage
- First Trimester Prenatal Care
- Maternal Insurance Status (Birth Records)
- Maternal Insurance Status (PRAMS)
Health Status Outcomes:
NoteSome other states do not report prenatal care onset for births to New Jersey residents that occurred in their state. Therefore, data for certain counties (most notably Salem, Hudson, and Warren County) have a relatively high proportion of records with unknown prenatal care onset that may artificially lower their no PNC percentage.
Data SourcesBirth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
Measure Description for No Prenatal Care
Definition: Number of live births to pregnant women who did not receive prenatal care at any time during this pregnancy as a percentage of the total number of live births.
Numerator: Number of live births to pregnant women who received no prenatal care
Denominator: Total number of live births