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Complete Health Indicator Report of Life Expectancy at Birth

Definition

Average life span or number of years of life that could be expected if current death rates were to remain constant

Numerator

Number of age-, race-, ethnicity, and sex-specific deaths

Denominator

Number of persons in the corresponding population

Why Is This Important?

Life expectancy is a summary mortality measure often used to describe the overall health status of a population.

How Are We Doing?

Life expectancy is slowly increasing among all racial and ethnic groups as well as among both males and females, although the increase has mostly stalled in the period 2012-2014. As of 2014, the average life expectancy among New Jersey residents was 80.9 years. Life expectancy among females (83.2 years) remains about 5 years greater than among males (78.5). Among New Jersey residents, life expectancy is highest among Asians (90 years), followed by Hispanics (84), Whites (81), and Blacks (77).

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

Life expectancy among New Jersey residents is slightly greater than that of the nation as a whole.


Related Indicators

Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Life Expectancy at Birth by Year, New Jersey and the United States, 2000-2014

::chart - missing::

US/NJYearAge in Years
Record Count: 30
US200076.8
US200176.9
US200276.9
US200377.1
US200477.5
US200577.4
US200677.7
US200777.9
US200878.1
US200978.5
US201078.7
US201178.7
US201278.8
US201378.8
US201478.8
NJ200077.6
NJ200177.6
NJ200278.1
NJ200378.2
NJ200478.8
NJ200579.0
NJ200679.4
NJ200779.7
NJ200879.8
NJ200980.5
NJ201080.4
NJ201180.4
NJ201280.7
NJ201380.7
NJ201480.9

Data Sources

  • Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Linked Infant Death-Birth Database, Center for Health Statistics, New Jersey Department of Health
  • National Vital Statistics Reports, NCHS, CDC
  • Population Estimates, State Data Center, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development


Life Expectancy at Birth by Year and Race/Ethnicity, New Jersey, 2000-2014

::chart - missing::

Race/EthnicityYearAge in Years
Record Count: 60
White200078.1
White200178.1
White200278.6
White200378.6
White200479.1
White200579.1
White200679.5
White200779.8
White200880.0
White200980.5
White201080.4
White201180.3
White201280.6
White201380.5
White201480.7
Black200071.0
Black200171.4
Black200272.1
Black200372.2
Black200473.2
Black200573.3
Black200673.9
Black200774.6
Black200874.9
Black200975.9
Black201075.3
Black201175.6
Black201276.2
Black201376.3
Black201476.6
Hispanic200081.8
Hispanic200181.7
Hispanic200282.0
Hispanic200382.5
Hispanic200484.2
Hispanic200584.0
Hispanic200683.5
Hispanic200784.0
Hispanic200883.1
Hispanic200984.4
Hispanic201084.0
Hispanic201184.5
Hispanic201284.6
Hispanic201384.1
Hispanic201484.4
Asian200085.1
Asian200185.4
Asian200286.6
Asian200385.6
Asian200488.7
Asian200586.6
Asian200688.1
Asian200789.5
Asian200888.4
Asian200988.9
Asian201088.2
Asian201188.8
Asian201288.5
Asian201389.0
Asian201489.8

Data Notes

Data for White, Black, and Asian/Pacific Islander does not include Hispanics. Hispanic ethnicity can be any race.

Data Sources

  • Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Linked Infant Death-Birth Database, Center for Health Statistics, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, State Data Center, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development


Life Expectancy at Birth by Year and Sex, New Jersey, 2000-2014

::chart - missing::

SexYearAge in Years
Record Count: 30
Male200074.8
Male200174.9
Male200275.6
Male200375.6
Male200476.3
Male200576.4
Male200676.8
Male200777.2
Male200877.4
Male200978.0
Male201077.9
Male201177.8
Male201278.2
Male201378.2
Male201478.5
Female200080.1
Female200180.2
Female200280.5
Female200380.6
Female200481.1
Female200581.3
Female200681.7
Female200781.9
Female200882.1
Female200982.6
Female201082.7
Female201182.7
Female201283.0
Female201383.0
Female201483.2

Data Sources

  • Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Linked Infant Death-Birth Database, Center for Health Statistics, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, State Data Center, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development


Life Expectancy at Birth by Race/Ethnicity and Sex, New Jersey, 2014

::chart - missing::

SexRace/EthnicityAge in Years
Record Count: 8
MaleWhite78.2
MaleBlack73.5
MaleHispanic82.9
MaleAsian88.0
FemaleWhite83.0
FemaleBlack79.2
FemaleHispanic85.8
FemaleAsian91.3

Data Notes

Data for White, Black, and Asian do not include Hispanics. Hispanic ethnicity includes persons of any race.

Data Sources

  • Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Linked Infant Death-Birth Database, Center for Health Statistics, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, State Data Center, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development

References and Community Resources

[https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/about/Foundation-Health-Measures Healthy People 2020] Foundation Health Measures [https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/life-expectancy.htm NCHS FastStats] - Life Expectancy

Page Content Updated On 02/03/2017, Published on 02/03/2017
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Mon, 20 November 2017 10:42:47 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

Content updated: Wed, 15 Nov 2017 07:52:42 EST