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Health Indicator Report of Age-Specific Birth Rates

Tracking age-specific birth rate patterns shows not only trends in teen births but also trends among older mothers. Teenage pregnancy and childbearing are ongoing public health concerns and the focus of considerable public policy debate. Babies born to teenage mothers are at elevated risk of poor birth outcomes, including higher rates of low birth weight, preterm birth, and infant death. The limited educational, social, and financial resources often available to teenage mothers add to their higher risk profile.

Data Sources

  • Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • National Vital Statistics Reports, NCHS, CDC
  • National Center for Health Statistics and U.S. Census Bureau. Vintage 2015 bridged-race postcensal population estimates. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/bridged_race.htm as of June 28, 2016.

Definition

The number of resident live births to females in a specific age group per 1,000 females in the age group.

Numerator

The number of resident live births to females in a specific age group

Denominator

The number of females in the age group

Healthy People Objective: Reduce the pregnancy rate among adolescent females aged 15 to 17 years

U.S. Target: 36.2 pregnancies per 1,000
State Target: is not comparable because it is for births only, not all pregnancy outcomes

Other Objectives

Objective MCH-10: Reduce the birth rate per 1,000 females aged 15-17 to 11.4 for the total population, 2.5 among Whites, 25.6 among Blacks, and 31.4 among Hispanics. ''All targets have been met.''

How Are We Doing?

In New Jersey, the highest birth rate is among mothers 30-34 years old. Birth rates among women 30 years old and over increased while birth rates among mothers under 30 years old decreased between 1990 and 2015. For all age groups under 30, Hispanic mothers have the highest birth rate followed by Blacks and then Whites. For those 30 and over, Whites have the highest rates followed by Asians/Pacific Islanders and then Hispanics. Births to teens of all ages and races/ethnicities have been declining for decades and continue to do so. Teen birth rates are highest in the southern counties and in those in the New York metro area.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

Teen birth rates in New Jersey as well as the rates among those 20-29 years old are substantially lower than in the nation as a whole. Rates among those 30 and over are higher in New Jersey than in the nation as a whole.

What Is Being Done?

The Division of Family Health Services in the New Jersey Department of Health administers programs to enhance the health, safety and well-being of families and communities in New Jersey. Information on programs that promote maternal health before and after pregnancy: [http://www.nj.gov/health/fhs/prenatal/maternalhealth.shtml http://www.nj.gov/health/fhs/prenatal/maternalhealth.shtml]
Page Content Updated On 03/22/2017, Published on 05/08/2017
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Thu, 14 December 2017 13:55:13 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

Content updated: Wed, 15 Nov 2017 07:52:40 EST