Health Indicator Report of Cesarean Deliveries
Reducing cesarean births among low-risk (full-term, singleton, and vertex presentation) women is a goal of the Healthy People 2020 initiative.
Data SourceBirth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
DefinitionThe method by which an infant is extracted from its mother
NumeratorNumber of method-specific births
DenominatorTotal number of live births
Healthy People Objective: Reduce cesarean births among low-risk (full-term, singleton, vertex presentation) womenU.S. Target: Women with no prior cesarean births: 23.9%, Women with a prior cesarean birth: 81.7%
How Are We Doing?The cesarean delivery rate among New Jersey mothers declined in 2010 for the first time since the mid-1990s and in 2016 stood at 34% of births. Cesareans are performed more frequently among older mothers, multiple births (twins, triplets, etc.), and preterm infants. The cesarean rate among low risk (full term, singleton, vertex presentation) deliveries is a few percentage points lower than for all deliveries but demographic and trend patterns remain the same.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?In the early 1990s, the cesarean rate in New Jersey began to exceed that of the nation as a whole and since then has continued to rise more quickly than the national rate. Currently, the New Jersey rate is about 7.5% higher than the national rate.
What Is Being Done?In 2017, a team composed of DOH staff and external partners convened to develop a plan to reduce low risk c-sections in New Jersey.
Page Content Updated On 05/04/2018, Published on 05/04/2018