Health Indicator Report of Incidence of Childhood Brain and Central Nervous System Cancers
In general, childhood cancers are rare and represent about 1% of all cancers. Cancers of the brain and central nervous sytem (CNS) are the second most common type of childhood cancers (ages 0 - 14), and represent over 20% of all cancers in this age group. At this time, we do not know what causes most childhood brain and CNS cancers.
NotesIncidence rates (cases per 100,000 population per year) are age group-specific. Rates are for invasive cancer only (except for bladder cancer which is invasive and in situ) or unless otherwise specified. Number of cases (numerator) is the total count of cases over the defined interval.
- NJ State Cancer Registry, March 29, 2017 Analytic File, using NCI SEER*Stat ver 8.3.4, [https://seer.cancer.gov/seerstat/]
- NJ population estimates as calculated by the NCI's SEER Program, released December 2016, [http://www.seer.cancer.gov/popdata/download.html]
DefinitionIncidence rate of brain and central nervous system cancers in children for a defined population in a specified time interval. Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. Standard Population. Rates are per 100,000 population.
NumeratorNumber of new cases of brain and other nervous system cancers in children among a defined population in a specified time interval. Cases were selected using ICCC recode ICD-0-3/WHO recode.
DenominatorDefined population in a specified time interval. Population age groups 0-14 and 0-19 are both found to be useful by the International Classification of Childhood Cancers (ICCC).
How Are We Doing?On average, 78 children ages 0-19 are diagnosed annually with brain and CNS cancers in New Jersey. Between 1990 and 2014, the New Jersey brain and central nervous system cancers incidence rates in children ages 0 - 14 and 0 - 19 were generally stable. Mortality rates for most types of childhood cancers have steadily decreased in recent years due to improved treatments.
What Is Being Done?A Comprehensive Cancer Control Plan was developed by the Task Force on Cancer Prevention, Early Detection and Treatment in New Jersey which aims to reduce the incidence, illness and death due to cancer among New Jersey residents. [https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/ncccp/ccc_plans.htm]
Available ServicesThe New Jersey Department of Health (NJDOH) has many programs and partnerships related to cancer data and information, cancer resources and cancer prevention. Cancer Epidemiology Services: [http://nj.gov/health/ces/] Interactive New Jersey cancer incidence and mortality data, as well as numerous publications, are available through the NJDOH website for cancer statistics and mapping. [http://www.nj.gov/health/ces/cancer-researchers/cancer-data/index.shtml] Office of Cancer Control and Prevention: [http://www.nj.gov/health/ces/public/resources/occp.shtml] NJ Cancer Education and Early Detection (NJCEED): [http://www.nj.gov/health/ces/public/resources/njceed.shtml] NJ Commission on Cancer Research: [http://www.nj.gov/health/ces/cancer-researchers/njccr.shtml]
Page Content Updated On 07/07/2017, Published on 09/27/2017