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Health Indicator Report of Cancer Five-Year Survival Rate

Nearly 14 million Americans with a previous cancer diagnosis are living in the United States. People are living longer after a cancer diagnosis because of advances in early detection and treatment. However, cancer survivors are at greater risk for recurrence and for developing second cancers due to the effects of treatment, unhealthy lifestyle behaviors, underlying genetics, or risk factors that contributed to the first cancer.[1]

Notes

This is Healthy New Jersey 2020 objective CA-13. YEAR is the last year of follow-up, not the diagnosis year. For example, the data for 2010 include persons diagnosed in 2003-2007 and followed through the end of 2010, data for 2011 include persons diagnosed in 2004-2008 and followed through the end of 2011, and so forth. Data for White, Black, and Asian/Pacific Islander include Hispanics and non-Hispanics. Hispanic ethnicity includes persons of any race. Race and Hispanic ethnicity are not mutually exclusive.

Data Source

New Jersey State Cancer Registry, Cancer Epidemiology Services, New Jersey Department of Health

Data Interpretation Issues

No U.S. life table is available for Asian race alone so "other race" is used for the calculation and no U.S. life table is available for Hispanic ethnicity alone so "all races" is used. Therefore, caution should be used in interpreting API and Hispanic cancer survival rates.

Definition

Five-year relative survival is the five-year survival experienced by a cohort of cancer patients in the absence of other causes of death. Relative survival takes into account the fact that some cancer patients will die of causes other than their cancer, and is calculated using survival life tables.

Numerator

The proportion of observed survivors (all causes of death) in a cohort of cancer patients who survive five years or longer

Denominator

The proportion of expected survivors in a comparable cohort of individuals without cancer who survive five years or longer

Healthy People Objective: Increase the proportion of cancer survivors who are living 5 years or longer after diagnosis

U.S. Target: 71.7 percent
State Target: 74.6 percent

Other Objectives

Objective CA-13: Increase the proportion of cancer survivors who are living 5 years or longer after diagnosis to 74.6% for the total population, 75.0% among Whites, 65.7% among Blacks, 74.6% among Hispanics, and 75.2% among Asians/Pacific Islanders.

What Is Being Done?

A Comprehensive Cancer Control Plan 2008-2012 was developed by the Task Force on Cancer Prevention, Early Detection and Treatment in New Jersey which aims to reduce the incidence, illness, and death due to cancer among New Jersey residents.

Available Services

NJDOH has many programs and partnerships related to cancer resources, cancer information and cancer prevention. http://nj.gov/health/cancer/ NJDOH Cancer Support Services: http://nj.gov/health/cancer/support.shtml Interactive New Jersey cancer incidence and mortality mapping, as well as numerous publications, are available through the NJDOH website for cancer statistics and mapping: http://www.nj.gov/health/ces/reports.shtml

Health Program Information

NJDOH Cancer Initiatives: http://nj.gov/health/cancer/index.shtml
Page Content Updated On 08/01/2016, Published on 08/02/2016
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Mon, 18 December 2017 13:34:06 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

Content updated: Wed, 15 Nov 2017 07:52:42 EST