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Health Indicator Report of Chromium(VI) in Outdoor Air

Chromium is a naturally occurring element found in rocks and soil. It can exist in several different forms. The metal form, chromium(0), is used for making steel. Chromium(VI) and chromium(III) are used for chrome plating, dyes and pigments, leather tanning, and wood preserving. Chromium(III) is an essential nutrient that helps the body use sugar, protein, and fat. Breathing high levels of chromium(VI) can cause irritation and ulceration in the lining of the nose, and difficulty in breathing. Skin contact with chromium(VI) compounds can cause skin ulcers and allergic skin reactions. Chromium(VI) compounds are known human carcinogens. In workers, inhalation of chromium(VI) has been shown to cause lung cancer.

Chromium (VI) Concentrations in Outdoor Air, by New Jersey County, 2011 NATA


Notes

Data Source: National-scale Air Toxics Assessment (NATA), 2011 and NJDEP Division of Air Quality

Data Sources

  • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
  • Bureau of Air Monitoring, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection

Definition

Mean of modeled annual average chromium(VI) concentration for census tracts in a county using 2011 NATA data

Numerator

Modeled mean chromium(VI) concentration in nanograms per cubic meter

Denominator

N/A

How Are We Doing?

Numerous New Jersey counties exceed the health benchmark of 0.083 nanograms of chromium(VI) per cubic meter of air. The highest ambient air concentrations can be found mostly in the central and western regions of the state.

What Is Being Done?

Industrial facilities that emit this chemical must obtain permits from the NJDEP Air Program and are also subject to state and federal air pollution control technology requirements.

Available Services

To view select air quality data collected at outdoor monitors across the United States go to: [http://www.epa.gov/airdata] New Jersey County Risk Ratio tables can be found at the following URL: [http://www.state.nj.us/dep/airmon/airtoxics/nataest.htm#rrtab]
Page Content Updated On 11/15/2016, Published on 08/24/2017
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Fri, 15 December 2017 5:08:16 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

Content updated: Wed, 15 Nov 2017 07:52:42 EST