Health Indicator Report of Cigarette Smoking Among Adults
Tobacco use is one of the leading preventable causes of death and disease in the United States. Smoking claims nearly 440,000 lives each year. It has been shown that smoking increases the risk for chronic lung disease, coronary heart disease, and stroke, as well as cancer of the lungs, larynx, esophagus, mouth, and bladder. In addition, smoking contributes to cancer of the cervix, pancreas, and kidneys. Exposure to secondhand smoke increases the risk for heart disease and lung cancer among nonsmokers.
NotesAll prevalence estimates are age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population. Prevalence estimates for 2011 and forward are consistent with those used to track the corresponding Healthy New Jersey 2020 objective (TU-1a) and are for adults aged 18 and over.
- Behavioral Risk Factor Survey, Center for Health Statistics, New Jersey Department of Health, [http://www.state.nj.us/health/chs/njbrfs/]
- U.S Data: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), Division of Population Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), [https://www.cdc.gov/brfss/index.html]
Data Interpretation IssuesStarting in 2011, BRFSS protocol requires that the NJBRFS incorporate a fixed quota of interviews from cell phone respondents along with a new weighting methodology called iterative proportional fitting or "raking". The new weighting methodology incorporates additional demographic information (such as education, race, and marital status) in the weighting process. These methodological changes were implemented to account for the underrepresentation of certain demographic groups in the land line sample (which resulted in part from the increasing number of U.S. households without land line phones). Comparisons between 2011 and prior years should therefore be made with caution. (More details about these changes can be found at [http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6122a3.htm].) As with all telephone surveys, data may be subject to error resulting from non-coverage (e.g., non-coverage of some low socio-economic status populations and other households not using a land line), non-response (e.g., refusal to participate in the survey or answer specific questions), or measurement (e.g. social desirability or recall bias). Interviewer training and monitoring and strict adherence to good survey research protocols reduces error from these sources.
- by Year, Adults Aged 18 and Older, New Jersey and U.S., 2000-2010
- by Race/Ethnicity, New Jersey Adults Aged 18 and Older, 2011-2016
- by Race/Ethnicity, New Jersey Adults Aged 18 and Older, 2001-2010
- by Sex, New Jersey Adults Aged 18 and Older, 2014-2016
- by Age Group, Adults Aged 18 and Older, New Jersey, 2014-2016
- by Education, Adults Aged 18 and Older, New Jersey, 2014-2016
- by County of Residence, Adults Aged 18 and Older, New Jersey, 2014-2016
DefinitionPercentage of adults aged 18 years and older who smoke cigarettes every day or some days
NumeratorNumber of adults aged 18 years and older who have smoked at least 100 cigarettes in their lifetime and who now report smoking cigarettes every day or some days
DenominatorNumber of adults aged 18 years and older
Healthy People Objective: Reduce tobacco use by adults: Cigarette smokingU.S. Target: 12.0 percent (age-adjusted)
State Target: 15.4 percent (age-adjusted)
Other Objectives'''Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective TU-1a''': Reduce the proportion of the population who are current smokers (any use in past 30 days) adults aged 18+ years to 15.4% for the total population, 16.9% among Whites, 18.7% among Blacks, 12.2% among Hispanics, and 7.3% among Asians.
How Are We Doing?Although New Jersey's smoking rates have decreased since its Master Settlement Agreement-funded programs were initiated, more than one million New Jersey adults continue to smoke. People with fewer years of formal education report higher rates of tobacco use compared to the general population. Comprehensive and free quitting services are needed to help New Jersey smokers quit and ensure a decline in tobacco use rates among all population groups.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?In 2016, New Jersey's adult estimated smoking rate was 14.6% compared to the national rate of 16.7%. (Rates are age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population.)
What Is Being Done?The [http://www.nj.gov/health/fhs/tobacco/ Office of Tobacco Control] at the New Jersey Department of Health and its partners use comprehensive programs to prevent the initiation of tobacco use among young people, to help tobacco users quit, to eliminate nonsmokers' exposure to secondhand smoke, and to reduce tobacco-related disparities. These programs include free quitting services, school- and community-based prevention programs and education regarding the [http://www.njleg.state.nj.us/2004/Bills/PL05/383_.HTM New Jersey Smoke-Free Air Act].
Available ServicesThe New Jersey Quitline and New Jersey's online quitting program New Jersey QuitNet offer assistance in quitting tobacco use to New Jersey adults and teens. Referrals can also be made to New Jersey Quitcenters (low-cost face-to-face counseling clinics). For services and information call the New Jersey Quitline at 1-866-NJ-STOPS or visit New Jersey's online tobacco cessation support program at http://www.nj.quitnet.com.
Health Program InformationTo receive more information about tobacco prevention and control programs in New Jersey, call the Office of Tobacco Control at (609) 984-3317. For information on quitting smoking, call the New Jersey Quitline at 1-866-NJ-STOPS or visit New Jersey's online tobacco cessation support program at [http://www.njquitline.org/].
Page Content Updated On 08/14/2017, Published on 04/27/2018