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Health Indicator Report of Ozone in Outdoor Air

Ozone is an odorless, colorless gas that forms both in the air at ground level and in the Earth's upper atmosphere (the stratosphere). Ground-level ozone forms when precursor pollutants that come from cars, power plants, and other sources react with each other in heat and sunlight. While ozone in the stratosphere creates a layer that protects us from the sun's harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays, ozone at ground level may irritate and damage the lungs, and harm human health in other ways. The federal health-based standard for ozone in outdoor air was 0.075 parts per million (ppm) averaged over an 8-hour period until December 2015, at which time it was lowered to 0.070 ppm.

Notes

Target is 0 days with ozone above standard. Values for years 2000-2007 are based upon the old 8-hour ozone standard of 0.08ppm. Values for years 2008-2014 reflect the 8-hour ozone standard of 0.075 ppm. Values from 2015 forward reflect the 8-hour ozone standard of 0.070 ppm. NJ Department of Environmental Protection, Bureau of Air Monitoring.

Data Source

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

Definition

Days (and person-days) in which the average concentration of ozone in outdoor air exceeds the regulatory standard at an ozone monitoring point

Numerator

Number of days in a year in which the ozone concentration at a monitor exceeded the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS), averaged over an 8-hour period; or exceeded the NAAQS of 0.12 ppm, averaged over a 1-hour period; or number of person-days, which is the product of the number of days with an ozone exceedance times the population of the geographic area (county) represented by a monitor.

Denominator

Not applicable

Other Objectives

Objective 3A-2: Reduce the number of unhealthful days attributable to ozone to zero.

How Are We Doing?

New Jersey has an extensive system of monitors to evaluate the quality of outdoor air. Twelve monitor sites operate year round, and 3 are operated only during the ozone season (April 1st through October 31st): Colliers Mills (Ocean County); Monmouth University (Monmouth County); and Ramapo (Bergen County). Over the years, air quality in New Jersey has been improving. More stringent federal health-based standards for both ozone and particulates, were promulgated in 1997, and require states to do more to protect human health. New Jersey's air monitoring program evaluates hourly air quality readings using the national methodology called the Air Quality Index (AQI). The AQI uses five of the six pollutants for which there are national health-based standards (ground-level ozone, particulates, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide) and compares the composite pollutant levels to the federal standards in order to assign an air quality rating such as "good" or "unhealthy".

What Is Being Done?

Under the federal Clean Air Act, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) has set health-based standards for ozone in the air we breathe. The USEPA and state and local governments have instituted a variety of multi-faceted programs to meet these health-based standards. The NJDEP has adopted rules to reduce emissions of VOCs from consumer products and establish requirements that apply to manufacturers, distributors, suppliers and retailers of VOCs. Beginning January 1, 2009, New Jersey implemented the California Low Emission Vehicle (CLEV) program. Non-regulatory programs also encourage communities to adopt practices such as carpooling to reduce harmful emissions. The NJDEP has also planted thousands of shade trees in urban areas to absorb and reduce ozone and NOx, lower temperatures, and reduce energy demand and emissions from energy generation. Success story: Recommendations for Reducing Smog Throughout NJ and Beyond [http://www.nj.gov/health/ceohs/documents/epht/tra_action/reducing_smog_in_nj.pdf] Success story: Air Quality and Asthma in NJ Children [http://www.nj.gov/health/ceohs/documents/epht/tra_action/helping_children_breathe_easier.pdf] Success story: Collaborating to Diminish Smog and Improve Health in NJ [http://www.nj.gov/health/ceohs/documents/epht/tra_action/clean_air_nj.pdf]

Available Services

The NJDEP's Bureau of Air Monitoring measures air pollution levels in New Jersey around the clock and compares them to national health standards. Updates and forecasts are sent to the wire services and other media, and health advisories are also issued when air pollution reaches unhealthful levels. The NJDEP's Bureau of Air Monitoring web site contains information on current air quality as well as historic trends. The web site is: [http://www.njaqinow.net/] The USEPA compiles air quality data from around the country and presents it to the public on the following web site: [http://www.airnow.gov] The NJDEP will notify interested people and organizations via e-mail when unhealthy air quality is forecast. To sign up for this service, send an e-mail message to majordomo@listserv.state.nj.us with one line in the message body (not in the subject): subscribe airadvisory. You will get two messages in reply; copy the authorization line from the "Confirmation" message and send it as the only line in your message, back to majordomo@listserv.state.nj.us. Throughout the summer, as part of the nightly news, local TV networks freqeuently broadcast a map showing the next day's air quality forecast for the different regions of the state. Check your TV listings for channel information.
Page Content Updated On 10/31/2017, Published on 11/03/2017
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Thu, 14 December 2017 15:54:55 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

Content updated: Wed, 15 Nov 2017 07:52:42 EST