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Health Indicator Report of Postneonatal Mortality Rate

Postneonatal mortality is an important indicator of infant and maternal health status and medical care (pre and post delivery), as well as a measure of how certain behavioral factors affect infant health.

Notes

Data for White, Black, and Asian do not include Hispanics. Hispanic ethnicity includes persons of any race. ** Number of deaths is too small to calculate a reliable rate.

Data Sources

  • Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Linked Infant Death-Birth Database, Center for Health Statistics, New Jersey Department of Health

Definition

Rate of death occurring from 28 days to 364 days of age in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year Infant mortality is death within the first year of life. This is divided into two components: death before the 28th day of life is neonatal mortality; death between 28 days and one year is postneonatal mortality.

Numerator

Number of resident deaths occurring from 28 days to 364 days of age in a given year

Denominator

Number of live births to resident mothers in the same year

Healthy People Objective: Postneonatal deaths (between 28 days and 1 year)

U.S. Target: 2.0 postneonatal deaths per 1,000 live births

How Are We Doing?

One-third of infant deaths occur in the postneonatal period. The postneonatal mortality rate among children of Black mothers is three to six times that of other racial/ethnic groups. The leading causes of postneonatal mortality are sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and congenital anomalies (birth defects). These two causes account for 38% of postneonatal deaths.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

The postneonatal mortality rate among New Jersey residents is consistently below that of the U.S.

What Is Being Done?

The [http://www.nj.gov/health/fhs/ Division of Family Health Services] in the New Jersey Department of Health administers several programs aimed at improving children's health, including reducing infant mortality. Infant deaths are reviewed by the [http://www.nj.gov/health/fhs/maternalchild/outcomes/mortality-reviews/ Fetal Infant Mortality Review Team] and recommendations to reduce future deaths are made to public and private sources of care including hospitals, clinics, and health care professionals throughout the state. The Department of Health has provided state funding to improve perinatal public health services and birth outcomes in communities. Efforts are continuing to increase public and provider awareness of needs for greater access to maternal preconception care, more awareness of risky preconception and post-conception behavior, and for better general maternal health care. New Jersey is a participant in the [http://www.nichq.org/project/collaborative-improvement-and-innovation-network-reduce-infant-mortality-im-coiin Collaborative Improvement and Innovation Network to Reduce Infant Mortality] (CoIIN-IM). CoIIN is a multiyear national movement engaging federal, state, and local leaders; public and private agencies; professionals; and communities to employ quality improvement, innovation, and collaborative learning to reduce infant mortality and improve birth outcomes.

Available Services

The Division of Family Health Services (FHS) provides support for pregnant women and newborns through several programs, including the Supplemental Nutrition Program for [http://www.nj.gov/health/fhs/wic/ Women, Infants and Children] (WIC). Perinatal Mood Disorders (e.g., postpartum depression) Helpline: 1-800-328-3838 or [http://www.nj.gov/health/fhs/maternalchild/mentalhealth/getting-help/] FHS supports professional and public [http://www.nj.gov/health/fhs/maternalchild/outcomes/index.shtml Perinatal Addiction] education services, promotes perinatal screening, and has developed a network of available resources to aid pregnant, substance-using women. [http://njparentlink.nj.gov/ NJ Parent Link], an interdepartmental website, is New Jersey's online Early Childhood, Parenting, and Professional Resource Center offering "one-stop shopping" for State services and resources.

Health Program Information

The [http://www.rwjms.rutgers.edu/sids/index.html SIDS Center of New Jersey] (SCNJ) is a program of Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School and the Joseph M. Sanzari Children?s Hospital. The program is funded in part by a grant from the New Jersey Department of Health.
Page Content Updated On 08/09/2017, Published on 09/28/2017
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Fri, 15 December 2017 5:10:55 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

Content updated: Wed, 15 Nov 2017 07:52:42 EST