Health Indicator Report of Total Fertility Rate
The total fertility rate can be interpreted as a measure of how many children would be born to 1,000 women over their childbearing years, based on birth rates occurring in the present time. As such, it indicates the current capacity for human reproduction in the population. Fertility is the ability to become pregnant and have a baby. Infertility occurs when a couple cannot become pregnant and may be related to a variety of health, behavioral, and/or environmental factors.
NotesData for White, Black, and Asian/Pacific Islander do not include Hispanics. Hispanic ethnicity includes persons of any race.
- Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
- National Center for Health Statistics and U.S. Census Bureau. Vintage 2015 bridged-race postcensal population estimates. [http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/bridged_race.htm] as of June 28, 2016.
- National Center for Health Statistics and U.S. Census Bureau. Revised 2000-2009 bridged-race intercensal population estimates. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/bridged_race.htm as of October 26, 2012.
DefinitionThe total fertility rate estimates the number of children a cohort of 1,000 women would bear if they went through their childbearing years experiencing the same age-specific birth rates occurring in a specified time period. It is calculated by summing the age-specific birth rates of women in five year age groups between 15 and 44 years, and then multiplying the sum by five.
NumeratorSum of age-specific birth rates to resident mothers per 1,000 women
How Are We Doing?New Jersey's total fertility rate is about 1,750 births per 1,000 women. This means that, based on today's birth rates, each woman would give birth to 2 children, on average, over her childbearing years. The total fertility rate varies widely across the state and by race/ethnicity. County rates range from approximately 1,300 to 2,700 births per 1,000 women of childbearing age. The rate among Hispanic women is about 2,050 births per 1,000 women. Rates among White, Black, and Asian/Pacific Islander women lie in the 1,450-1,600 range.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?The total fertility rate among New Jersey residents has been below that of the nation as a whole for decades.
What Is Being Done?The Division of Family Health Services in the New Jersey Department of Health administers programs to enhance the health, safety and well-being of families and communities in New Jersey. Information on programs that promote maternal health before and after pregnancy: [http://www.nj.gov/health/fhs/prenatal/maternalhealth.shtml http://www.nj.gov/health/fhs/prenatal/maternalhealth.shtml]
Health Program InformationNew Jersey Environmental Public Health Tracking Program: [http://nj.gov/health/ceohs/public-health-tracking/health-outcomes/ http://nj.gov/health/ceohs/public-health-tracking/health-outcomes/]
Page Content Updated On 03/24/2017, Published on 09/28/2017