Health Indicator Report of Children Under Five Years of Age Living in Poverty
Poverty affects many aspects of a child's life, including living conditions, access to health care, and adequate nutrition, all of which contribute to health status. Poverty during childhood puts children at increased risk for living in run-down or poorly maintained older (pre-1950s) housing, and this increases a child's chances of exposure to chipped and peeling lead paint. Deteriorating lead paint (chipping, flaking, and peeling) and paint disturbed during home remodeling contributes to lead dust, contaminates bare soil around a home, and makes paint chips and dust-containing lead accessible. Children are more vulnerable to lead poisoning than adults. The first six years, particularly the first three years of life, is the time when the brain grows the fastest, and when the critical connections in the brain and nervous system are formed. The normal behavior of children at this age - crawling, exploring, teething, putting objects in their mouth - can put them in contact with lead that is present in their environment.
Children Under Age 5 Living in Poverty by County, New Jersey, 2011-2015
Time Series Maps:
[http://doh-vm-glass:8080/doh-shad/sharedstatic/PovSeries.jpg Close-up of maps]
Data SourceAmerican Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, [https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/]
DefinitionNumber or percent of children under 5 years of age living in poverty
NumeratorNumber of children less than 5 years of age living in poverty in a geographic area
DenominatorNumber of children less than 5 years of age living in a geographic area
How Are We Doing?Based upon 2015 American Community Survey 5-year estimates from the U.S. Census data, there were wide variations in the county rates of poverty among New Jersey children less than 5 years of age. Counties with the highest percentages of children living in poverty were Cumberland (29.8%), Atlantic (29.8%) Essex (29.7%) and Salem (29.3%%) Counties. The lowest percentages of poverty among children less than 5 years were in Morris (4.1%), Hunterdon (4.4%), and Somerset (7.1%) Counties.
Available ServicesLinks to many services for children are available through the New Jersey Department of Health, Division of Family Health Services. [http://nj.gov/health/fhs/index.shtml] New Jersey's 24/7 Family Health Line can help NJ residents locate a variety of services for New Jersey children. Call 1-800-328-3838. Children without health insurance may be eligible for no cost or low cost insurance through NJ FamilyCare, [http://www.njfamilycare.org/]. For information, call 1-800-701-0710. The New Jersey Department of Human Services, Division of Family Development provides many links to services and programs that assist low income children and their families. These services include: WorkFirst NJ; Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF); child support; emergency assistance; NJ Medicaid; and Food Stamps. [http://www.state.nj.us/humanservices/dfd/home/index.html]
Page Content Updated On 10/24/2017, Published on 10/25/2017