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Health Indicator Report of Deaths due to Firearm-related Injury

Violence is a major public health concern throughout the United States.

Notes

This is Healthy New Jersey 2020 (HNJ2020) Objective IVP-2a. ** Too few deaths among Asians to calculate a reliable rate.

Data Sources

  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, State Data Center, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html]

Definition

Deaths with a firearm-related injury as the underlying cause of death. ICD-10 codes: W32-W34 (unintentional), X72-X74 (suicide), X93-X95 (homicide), Y22-Y24 (undetermined intent), Y35.0 (legal intervention)

Numerator

Number of deaths due to firearm-related injuries of all intentions

Denominator

Total number of persons in the population

Healthy People Objective: Reduce firearm-related deaths

U.S. Target: 9.3 deaths per 100,000 population (age-adjusted)
State Target: 4.7 deaths per 100,000 population (age-adjusted)

Other Objectives

Objective IVP-2a: Reduce the age-adjusted death rate due to firearm-related injuries per 100,000 standard population to 4.7 in the total population, 2.4 among Whites, 15.8 among Blacks, and 3.6 among Hispanics. Objective IVP-2b: Reduce the death rate due to firearm-related injuries among males aged 15-19 years per 100,000 age- and gender-specific population to 13.7 among all racial/ethnic groups combined and 68.0 among Blacks.

How Are We Doing?

The firearm-related age-adjusted death rate in 2015 was 32% higher than in 2000. The rate among Blacks is 5 times the rate among Whites and 9 times the rate among Hispanics. County rates per 100,000 population (age-adjusted) range from a low of 2.0 in Bergen to a high of 14.2 in Essex (2011-2015). In recent years, the homicide rate among males aged 15-19 years, has not changed much in the US but it has declined in New Jersey. The rate among young Black males is nearly 5 times the rate among young Hispanic males.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

New Jersey's age-adjusted death rate due to firearm-related injuries is about half the national rate. The rate among males aged 15-19 years old is significantly lower among New Jersey residents than for 15-19-year-old males nationwide.

What Is Being Done?

New Jersey already has some of the strictest firearm laws in the nation. In January, 2017, the Governor signed into law a revision of certain existing laws concerning domestic violence and firearms ([http://www.njleg.state.nj.us/bills/BillView.asp?BillNumber=S2483 P.L.2016, c.91]), which enhances protections for domestic violence victims by restricting access to firearms by a person convicted of a domestic violence crime or subject to a domestic violence restraining order. For female homicide victims, more than half of homicides are committed by a current or former intimate partner, and a majority of those deaths involve a firearm.[http://www.state.nj.us/health/chs/njvdrs/ ^1^] The Governor's Study Commission on Violence released a report of recommendations to the Governor on ways to combat all types of violence from a public health perspective in October, 2015. The New Jersey Department of Health maintains the [http://www.state.nj.us/health/chs/njvdrs/ New Jersey Violent Death Reporting System] (NJVDRS), a CDC-funded surveillance system that tracks suicides, homicides, unintentional firearm deaths, injury deaths of undetermined intent, and deaths by legal intervention and is used to educate public health and public safety professionals in the state and inform their interventions and decision-making, with the ultimate goal of reducing the incidence of violent deaths. NJVDRS is part of the [https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/nvdrs/index.html National Violent Death Reporting System], which now funds 40 states.

Health Program Information

NJ Violent Death Reporting System: [http://www.nj.gov/health/chs/njvdrs/]
Page Content Updated On 07/19/2017, Published on 10/02/2017
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Thu, 14 December 2017 17:38:29 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

Content updated: Wed, 15 Nov 2017 07:52:42 EST