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Health Indicator Report of Deaths due to HIV Disease

HIV is a virus that weakens a person's immune system by destroying cells that fight disease and infection. No cure exists for HIV but with proper medical care, HIV can be controlled.[https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/basics/index.html ^1^]

Notes

This is Healthy New Jersey 2020 (HNJ2020) Objective HIV-3.

Data Sources

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Compressed Mortality File. CDC WONDER On-line Database accessed at [http://wonder.cdc.gov/cmf-icd10.html]
  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, State Data Center, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html]

Definition

Deaths with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease as the underlying cause of death. ICD-10 codes: B20-B24

Numerator

Number of deaths due to HIV disease

Denominator

Total number of persons in the population

Healthy People Objective: Reduce deaths from HIV infection

U.S. Target: 3.3 deaths per 100,000 population (age-adjusted)
State Target: 4.2 deaths per 100,000 population (age-adjusted)

Other Objectives

Objective HIV-3: Reduce the age-adjusted mortality rate due to HIV disease per 100,000 standard population to 4.2 among the total population, 1.4 among Whites, 21.8 among Blacks, and 4.7 among Hispanics.

How Are We Doing?

The age-adjusted death rate due to HIV disease has been steadily declining. The Healthy New Jersey 2020 targets were achieved in 2009 by the total population and Whites and in 2010 by Blacks and Hispanics. However, the rate among Blacks remains significantly above the rate among other racial/ethnic groups. The rate among males is above that of females, but the gap continues to narrow.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

The age-adjusted death rate among New Jerseyans remains above that of the nation as a whole, but the gap has narrowed considerably because the New Jersey rate is declining more rapidly than the U.S. rate (75% decrease vs. 63% decrease between 2000 and 2015).

What Is Being Done?

New Jersey has initiated an HIV Pre Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) initiative that places PrEP Counselors in 24 locations across the state. Free, confidential rapid HIV testing is offered at 140 rapid HIV testing sites throughout NJ. The HIV Prevention Patient Navigator Program located in 15 HIV clinics is a linkage to care initiative that can help persons who test positive or are not in HIV care obtain an appointment for care and treatment on the same or next business day. There are also 44 community-based projects providing HIV prevention services to high risk populations located in areas that have been heavily impacted by the HIV epidemic. Several state-wide initiatives also provide intensive, specialized HIV prevention and risk reduction services including drop-in centers, syringe access programs, and church based prevention initiatives.

Available Services

NJDOH AIDS/STD Hotline: 800-624-2377

Health Program Information

NJDOH HIV Prevention and Care Services: [http://nj.gov/health/hivstdtb/hiv-aids/]
Page Content Updated On 07/17/2017, Published on 09/25/2017
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Thu, 14 December 2017 15:53:50 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

Content updated: Wed, 15 Nov 2017 07:52:42 EST