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Health Indicator Report of Incidence of Childhood Leukemia

In general, childhood cancers are rare and represent about 1% of all cancers. Leukemias are the most common childhood cancers, accounting for about 30 percent of all cancers in children age 0 - 14 years. Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) accounts for about 75 percent of childhood leukemias. At this time, we do not know what causes most leukemias.

Notes

Incidence rates (cases per 100,000 population per year) are age group-specific. Rates are for invasive cancer only (except for bladder cancer which is invasive and in situ) or unless otherwise specified. Number of cases (numerator) is the total count of cases over the defined interval.

Data Sources

  • NJ State Cancer Registry, March 29, 2017 Analytic File, using NCI SEER*Stat ver 8.3.4, [https://seer.cancer.gov/seerstat/]
  • NJ population estimates as calculated by the NCI's SEER Program, released December 2016, [http://www.seer.cancer.gov/popdata/download.html]

Definition

Incidence rate of leukemia in children for a defined population in a specified time interval. Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. Standard Population. Rates are per 100,000 population.

Numerator

Number of new cases of leukemia in children among a defined population in a specified time interval. Cases were selected using ICCC recode ICD-0-3/WHO recode.

Denominator

Defined population in a specified time interval. Population age groups 0-14 and 0-19 are both found to be useful by the International Classification of Childhood Cancers (ICCC).

How Are We Doing?

Between 1990 and 2014, New Jersey childhood leukemia incidence rates (ages 0 - 14, and 0 - 19), were generally stable. On average, 115 children ages 0-19 are diagnosed annually with leukemia in New Jersey. Mortality rates for most types of childhood cancers have steadily decreased in recent years due to improved treatments.

What Is Being Done?

A Comprehensive Cancer Control Plan was developed by the Task Force on Cancer Prevention, Early Detection and Treatment in New Jersey which aims to reduce the incidence, illness and death due to cancer among New Jersey residents. [https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/ncccp/ccc_plans.htm]

Available Services

The New Jersey Department of Health (NJDOH) has many programs and partnerships related to cancer data and information, cancer resources and cancer prevention. Cancer Epidemiology Services: [http://nj.gov/health/ces/] Interactive New Jersey cancer incidence and mortality data, as well as numerous publications, are available through the NJDOH website for cancer statistics and mapping. [http://www.nj.gov/health/ces/cancer-researchers/cancer-data/index.shtml] Office of Cancer Control and Prevention: [http://www.nj.gov/health/ces/public/resources/occp.shtml] NJ Cancer Education and Early Detection (NJCEED): [http://www.nj.gov/health/ces/public/resources/njceed.shtml] NJ Commission on Cancer Research: [http://www.nj.gov/health/ces/cancer-researchers/njccr.shtml]
Page Content Updated On 07/07/2017, Published on 09/27/2017
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Thu, 14 December 2017 17:34:49 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

Content updated: Wed, 15 Nov 2017 07:52:42 EST