Health Indicator Report of Incidence of Lung & Bronchus Cancer
In New Jersey 2,774 men and 3,053 women were diagnosed with cancer of the lung or bronchus during 2014. Lung cancer causes the most cancer deaths among New Jersey residents - over 1,940 among men and 2,000 among women in 2014. Cigarette smoking is believed to be responsible for almost 90% of all lung cancer cases. Other risk factors include second-hand smoke, residential radon exposure, high doses of ionizing radiation such as might be received from therapeutic radiation treatment, and certain occupational exposures. Air pollution, specifically particulates from burning fossil fuel, is also a risk factor for lung cancer.
NotesIncidence rates (cases per 100,000 population per year) are age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population (19 age groups: <1, 1-4, 5-9, ..., 80-84, 85+). Rates are for invasive cancer only (except for bladder cancer which is invasive and in situ) or unless otherwise specified.
- NJ State Cancer Registry, March 29, 2017 Analytic File, using NCI SEER*Stat ver 8.3.4, [https://seer.cancer.gov/seerstat/]
- NJ population estimates as calculated by the NCI's SEER Program, released December 2016, [http://www.seer.cancer.gov/popdata/download.html]
DefinitionIncidence rate of invasive lung and bronchus cancer for a defined population in a specified time interval. Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. Standard Population. Rates are per 100,000 population.
NumeratorNumber of new cases of lung and bronchus cancer among a defined population in a specified time interval.
DenominatorDefined population in a specified time interval.
How Are We Doing?Between 1990 and 2014, the age-adjusted incidence rate of lung and bronchus cancer in New Jersey men declined from about 107 cases per 100,000 to about 60 cases per 100,000. Among NJ woman in the lung and bronchus age-adjusted cancer incidence rate increased and then decreased slightly averaging 54.4 cases per 100,000 for the same time period, 1990-2014. Past smoking patterns among men and women are the main cause for these trends. The percentage of women who smoke began decreasing rapidly in the mid-1980's, while the percentage of men who smoke began decreasing rapidly much earlier (before 1965). The lifetime risk of developing lung and bronchus cancer is 1 in 14 for men and 1 in 17 for women.
What Is Being Done?A Comprehensive Cancer Control Plan was developed by the Task Force on Cancer Prevention, Early Detection and Treatment in New Jersey which aims to reduce the incidence, illness and death due to cancer among New Jersey residents. [https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/ncccp/ccc_plans.htm]
Available ServicesThe New Jersey Department of Health (NJDOH) has many programs and partnerships related to cancer data and information, cancer resources and cancer prevention. Cancer Epidemiology Services: [http://nj.gov/health/ces/] Interactive New Jersey cancer incidence and mortality data, as well as numerous publications, are available through the NJDOH website for cancer statistics and mapping. [http://www.nj.gov/health/ces/cancer-researchers/cancer-data/index.shtml] Office of Cancer Control and Prevention: [http://www.nj.gov/health/ces/public/resources/occp.shtml] NJ Cancer Education and Early Detection (NJCEED): [http://www.nj.gov/health/ces/public/resources/njceed.shtml] NJ Commission on Cancer Research: [http://www.nj.gov/health/ces/cancer-researchers/njccr.shtml]
Health Program InformationTwo fact sheets on lung cancer and its risk factors are available from the NJDOH: [http://www.nj.gov/health/ces/documents/caradonsmoking.pdf] [http://www.state.nj.us/health/ces/documents/briefs/lungcancer.pdf]
Page Content Updated On 06/21/2017, Published on 10/12/2017