Health Indicator Report of Maternal Age
Infants born to teenage mothers are at elevated risk of poor birth outcomes, including higher rates of low birth weight, preterm birth, and infant death. The limited educational, social, and financial resources often available to teenage mothers add to their higher risk profile. The increase in birth rates for women 35 years of age and over during the last 20 years has been linked, in part, to the use of fertility-enhancing therapies. Multiple deliveries, an outcome associated with infertility treatment, are also at elevated risk of poor birth outcomes, such as higher rates of low birth weight, preterm birth, and infant death.
NotesNumerator: Births to mothers under age 20 and births to mothers over age 35 Denominator: Total number of live births
Data SourceBirth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
DefinitionMaternal age is the age at which a woman delivers a live-born infant.
NumeratorSee graph-specific data notes
DenominatorSee graph-specific data notes
How Are We Doing?More than half of births among New Jersey residents are to mothers 25-34 years old. Since 1987, there have been more births to women ages 35 and over than to those under age 20. The median age of all mothers remained at 31 years in 2016 and the median age among first time mothers reached an all-time high of 29 years in 2016. For all births, the median age among Black and Hispanic mothers is 3-4 years younger than among White and Asian mothers. For first births, the median age among Black and Hispanic mothers is 6 years younger than among White and Asian mothers.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?Teen birth rates are markedly lower in New Jersey than in the nation as a whole, while birth rates among older age groups (35+) are somewhat higher than national rates.
What Is Being Done?The [http://www.nj.gov/health/fhs/ Division of Family Health Services] in the New Jersey Department of Health administers programs to enhance the health, safety, and well-being of families and communities in New Jersey.
Page Content Updated On 04/19/2018, Published on 04/19/2018