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Health Indicator Report of Foreign-Born Mothers

Customs and practices related to pregnancy, childbirth, and the care of newborns and their mothers vary around the world and affect the experiences and birth outcomes of women who live in the U.S. but were not born and/or raised here.


Data for White, Black, and Asian do not include Hispanics. Hispanic ethnicity includes persons of any race. Prior to 2010, the New York City Department of Health did not provide the New Jersey Department of Health with race and ethnicity data for the more than 3,000 births to New Jersey residents that occur in that city each year and still does not provide NJDOH with maternal birthplace. The additional race and ethnicity information creates an artificial increase in the number of births to mothers in each group (the denominator) but does not increase the number of foreign-born mothers (the numerator). Thus, rates appear to decline sharply in 2010 when it is merely a data artifact.

Data Source

Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health

Data Interpretation Issues

The National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) does not include US territories in their reporting of US-born mothers, hence the territories are listed separately here for comparability with NCHS reports but are not included in "remainder of world" (i.e., foreign-born) either.


Maternal birthplace or nativity is where the mother was born as recorded on a Certificate of Live Birth. For this report, foreign-born includes persons not born in the 50 states, D.C., or U.S. territories.


Number of live births by mother's birthplace


Total number of live births

How Are We Doing?

Many birth outcomes vary considerably by maternal birthplace and are addressed in the respective indicator profiles. Whites and Blacks had the highest proportion of births to US-born women, while nearly 90% of Asian and 62% of Hispanic births were to foreign-born women. Maternal nativity varies greatly across the state with 10.5% of Sussex County births to foreign-born mothers compared to two-thirds in Hudson County.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

In New Jersey, 58% of births in 2016 were to mothers who were themselves born in the U.S. (50 states and D.C.) compared to 77% nationally.

What Is Being Done?

Numerous cultural competency resources are available on the NJDOH Office of Minority and Multicultural Health's website: []
Page Content Updated On 04/16/2018, Published on 04/18/2018
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site ( The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Tue, 18 September 2018 19:15:02 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: ".

Content updated: Tue, 4 Sep 2018 05:00:56 EDT