Health Indicator Report of Incidence of Melanoma of the Skin
Cancer of the skin is by far the most common of all cancers. Melanoma accounts for less than 5% of skin cancer cases but causes a large majority of skin cancer deaths. Most melanoma of the skin is caused by exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun. Whites have age-adjusted incidence rates that are more than 20 times higher than Blacks. People with light complexions have the highest risk of melanoma of the skin.
NotesThis is a Healthy New Jersey 2010 (HNJ2010) Objective. Incidence rates (cases per 100,000 population per year) are age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population (19 age groups: <1, 1-4, 5-9, ..., 80-84, 85+). Rates are for invasive cancer only (except for bladder cancer which is invasive and in situ) or unless otherwise specified.
- New Jersey State Cancer Registry, Sept 2014 Analytic File, using National Cancer Institute SEER*Stat software (www.seer.cancer.gov/seerstat) ver 8.1.5
- US Census, as modified by SEER, released March 2014, http://www.seer.cancer.gov/popdata.thru.2012/
DefinitionIncidence rate of invasive melanoma of the skin for a defined population in a specified time interval. Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. Standard Population. Rates are per 100,000 population.
NumeratorNumber of new cases of melanoma of the skin among a defined population in a specified time interval.
DenominatorDefined population in a specified time interval.
How Are We Doing?During 2014, 1,360 men and 926 women in New Jersey were diagnosed with melanoma of the skin. Between 1990 and 2014, age-adjusted incidence rates for melanoma of the skin increased from 14.4 to 29.2 cases per 100,000 for males and from 10.2 cases to 16.8 cases per 100,000 in females. During the same interval, age-adjusted incidence rates increased in Whites from 13.1 to 25.5 per 100,000. The lifetime risk of developing melanoma of the skin is 1 in 38 for men and 1 in 61 for women.
What Is Being Done?A Comprehensive Cancer Control Plan was developed by the Task Force on Cancer Prevention, Early Detection and Treatment in New Jersey which aims to reduce the incidence, illness and death due to cancer among New Jersey residents. [https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/ncccp/ccc_plans.htm]
Available ServicesThe New Jersey Department of Health (NJDOH) has many programs and partnerships related to cancer data and information, cancer resources and cancer prevention. Cancer Epidemiology Services: [http://nj.gov/health/ces/] Interactive New Jersey cancer incidence and mortality data, as well as numerous publications, are available through the NJDOH website for cancer statistics and mapping. [http://www.nj.gov/health/ces/cancer-researchers/cancer-data/index.shtml] Office of Cancer Control and Prevention: [http://www.nj.gov/health/ces/public/resources/occp.shtml] NJ Cancer Education and Early Detection (NJCEED): [http://www.nj.gov/health/ces/public/resources/njceed.shtml] NJ Commission on Cancer Research: [http://www.nj.gov/health/ces/cancer-researchers/njccr.shtml]
Page Content Updated On 06/21/2017, Published on 10/12/2017