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Health Indicator Report of First Trimester Prenatal Care

Women who receive early and consistent prenatal care (PNC) increase their likelihood of giving birth to a healthy child. Health care providers recommend that women begin prenatal care in the first trimester of their pregnancy.
The sharp decline in 2015 is due to a corresponding increase in records with unknown onset of prenatal care due to the way in which data are collected in the new VIP birth registration system.


This is Healthy New Jersey 2020 (HNJ2020) Objective MCH-3. Data for White, Black, and Asian do not include Hispanics. Hispanic ethnicity includes persons of any race. 2000-2009 data by race/ethnicity are not comparable to data for 2010 and later due to the lack of race/ethnicity reporting from New York City prior to 2010.

Data Source

Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health

Data Interpretation Issues

New York City did not report race and ethnicity for births to New Jersey residents that occurred in NYC prior to 2010 and still does not report prenatal care onset. Therefore, data by race/ethnicity for 1990-2009 is not directly comparable to data for 2010 and later and data for counties near NYC (most notably Hudson County) have a relatively high proportion of records with unknown prenatal care onset.


Number of live births to pregnant women who received prenatal care in the first trimester as a percentage of the total number of live births.


Number of live births to pregnant women who received prenatal care in the first trimester


Number of live births

Healthy People Objective: Prenatal care beginning in first trimester

U.S. Target: 77.9 percent
State Target: 79.4 percent

Other Objectives

Objective MCH-3: Increase the proportion of pregnant women who receive prenatal care beginning in first trimester to 79.4% for the total population, 90.7% among Whites, 67.4% among Blacks, 72.1% among Hispanics, and 90.8% among Asians.

How Are We Doing?

The percentage of mothers receiving first trimester prenatal care (PNC) had been about 75% for over a decade before increasing slightly between 2007 and 2014 to 79%. A change in data collection methods in 2015 resulted in sharp decline to 73.6%. There is a significant difference in onset of PNC by race/ethnicity with nearly 80% of White and Asian mothers receiving early PNC compared to less than 70% of Black and Hispanic mothers. First trimester PNC is positively correlated with age and education.

What Is Being Done?

The [ Division of Family Health Services] in the New Jersey Department of Health administers programs to enhance the health, safety and well-being of families and communities in New Jersey. Several programs are aimed at improving birth outcomes.
Page Content Updated On 11/06/2017, Published on 11/06/2017
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site ( The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Tue, 20 March 2018 23:11:55 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: ".

Content updated: Wed, 28 Feb 2018 05:01:06 EST