Health Indicator Report of First Trimester Prenatal Care
Women who receive early and consistent prenatal care (PNC) increase their likelihood of giving birth to a healthy child. Health care providers recommend that women begin prenatal care in the first trimester of their pregnancy.
NotesThis is Healthy New Jersey 2020 (HNJ2020) Objective MCH-3.
Data SourceBirth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
Data Interpretation IssuesNew York City did not report race and ethnicity for births to New Jersey residents that occurred in NYC prior to 2010 and still does not report prenatal care onset. Therefore, data by race/ethnicity for 1990-2009 is not directly comparable to data for 2010 and later and data for counties near NYC (most notably Hudson County) have a relatively high proportion of records with unknown prenatal care onset.
DefinitionNumber of live births to pregnant women who received prenatal care in the first trimester as a percentage of the total number of live births.
NumeratorNumber of live births to pregnant women who received prenatal care in the first trimester
DenominatorNumber of live births
Healthy People Objective: Prenatal care beginning in first trimesterU.S. Target: 77.9 percent
State Target: 79.4 percent
Other ObjectivesObjective MCH-3: Increase the proportion of pregnant women who receive prenatal care beginning in first trimester to 79.4% for the total population, 90.7% among Whites, 67.4% among Blacks, 72.1% among Hispanics, and 90.8% among Asians.
How Are We Doing?The percentage of mothers receiving first trimester prenatal care (PNC) had been about 75% for over a decade before increasing slightly between 2007 and 2014 to 79%. A change in data collection methods in 2015 resulted in sharp decline to 73.6%. There is a significant difference in onset of PNC by race/ethnicity with nearly 80% of White and Asian mothers receiving early PNC compared to less than 70% of Black and Hispanic mothers. First trimester PNC is positively correlated with age and education.
What Is Being Done?The [http://nj.gov/health/fhs/ Division of Family Health Services] in the New Jersey Department of Health administers programs to enhance the health, safety and well-being of families and communities in New Jersey. Several programs are aimed at improving birth outcomes.
Page Content Updated On 11/06/2017, Published on 11/06/2017