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Health Indicator Report of Deaths due to Influenza and Pneumonia

Influenza and pneumonia combined are the tenth leading cause of death among New Jersey residents and eighth among all US residents.

Data Sources

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Compressed Mortality File. CDC WONDER On-line Database accessed at [http://wonder.cdc.gov/cmf-icd10.html]
  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, State Data Center, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html]

Definition

Deaths with influenza or pneumonia as the underlying cause of death. ICD-10 codes: J09-J18

Numerator

Number of deaths due to influenza and pneumonia

Denominator

Total number of persons in the population

How Are We Doing?

The age-adjusted death rate due to influenza and pneumonia has been generally declining for many years. In New Jersey, about 1,200 deaths each year are due to influenza and pneumonia, with pneumonia comprising 91.0 to 99.9% of the deaths. In the total population and among each racial/ethnic group, males have a higher death rate than females. The age-adjusted death rate due to influenza and pneumonia is significantly lower among Asians and Hispanics than among Blacks and Whites in New Jersey. County rates per 100,000 population (age-adjusted) range from a low of 8.3 in Morris to a high of 17.5 in Gloucester.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

The New Jersey age-adjusted death rate due to influenza and pneumonia is significantly below that of the US.

What Is Being Done?

The New Jersey Department of Health has several programs that track influenza and pneumonia infections or that [https://njiis.nj.gov/core/web/index.html#/mission track] and/or promote vaccination. Health care professionals are to immediately call in confirmed or suspected cases of influenza to the local health department. The [https://njiis.nj.gov/core/web/index.html#/vfcDocs Vaccines for Children Program] provides pediatric vaccines at no cost to doctors who serve children who might not otherwise be vaccinated because of inability to pay.

Evidence-based Practices

Annual influenza vaccination is the most effective method for preventing influenza virus infection and its complications. Vaccination against pneumococcal disease has been effective in reducing infections among seniors and persons with certain medical conditions.

Available Services

Find a Flu Shot: [https://vaccinefinder.org/]

Health Program Information

Seasonal Flu: [http://www.nj.gov/health/cd/topics/flu.shtml]
Page Content Updated On 04/16/2018, Published on 04/16/2018
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Sat, 21 July 2018 7:20:09 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

Content updated: Wed, 23 May 2018 05:01:08 EDT