Health Indicator Report of Tobacco Use During Pregnancy
Use of tobacco products during pregnancy is associated with poor birth outcomes.
NotesPreterm is < 37 weeks gestational age. Low Birthweight is < 2500 grams. Very Low Birthweight is < 1500 grams.
Data SourceBirth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
Data Interpretation IssuesTobacco use during pregnancy is self-reported and, thus, assumed to be under-reported to some degree.
DefinitionSelf-reported use of any tobacco product by the mother during pregnancy
NumeratorNumber of live births whose mothers used any tobacco product
DenominatorTotal number of live births
Healthy People Objective: Increase abstinence from alcohol, cigarettes, and illicit drugs among pregnant women: Cigarette smokingU.S. Target: 98.6 percent
State Target: N/A. HNJ objective was revised from abstinence to use.
Other Objectives'''Revised Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective MCH-5''': Decrease use of tobacco among pregnant women to 4.2% for the total population, 5.4% among Whites, 6.9% among Blacks, 2.4% among Hispanics, and 0.5% among Asians. '''Original Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective MCH-5''': Increase abstinence from cigarette smoking among pregnant women to 94.8% for the total and White populations, 92.1% among Blacks, 96.8% among Hispanics, and 99.3% among Asians and Pacific Islanders.
How Are We Doing?Tobacco use during pregnancy increases the likelihood of delivering preterm (< 37 weeks gestation), at low birth weight (< 2500 g), and at very low birth weight (< 1500 g). The average birth weight of infants whose mothers used tobacco during pregnancy is 3,113 grams compared to 3,274 grams for those who abstained.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?Because of changes to the way tobacco use information is collected on birth certificates in some states, national data are no longer comparable to New Jersey data. Historically, the smoking rate among New Jersey mothers is about half the nationwide rate.
What Is Being Done?The New Jersey Department of Health has been committed to addressing perinatal addiction since 1980 and provides support to a system of perinatal addiction services. These risk reduction services include referral for treatment and education. For additional information about these services or for more information on the effects of substance use during pregnancy, please contact Reproductive and Perinatal Health Services at (609) 292-5616.
Available ServicesMom's Quit Connection: [http://momsquit.com/]
Health Program InformationNJDOH Office of Tobacco Control, Nutrition and Fitness: [http://www.nj.gov/health/fhs/tobacco/] NJDOH Maternal and Child Health Services: [http://www.nj.gov/health/fhs/maternalchild/]
Page Content Updated On 11/06/2017, Published on 11/06/2017