Health Indicator Report of 1,3-Butadiene in Outdoor Air
1,3-Butadiene is a volatile chemical with a gasoline-like odor. It is used in the production of rubber and plastics, and is also a byproduct of incomplete combustion. Motor vehicle exhaust is the largest source of butadiene in New Jersey air. Inhaling high concentrations of 1,3-butadiene for prolonged periods can cause central nervous system damage and the risk of heart disease and cancer. At concentrations in air likely to be encountered in New Jersey, 1,3-butadiene may irritate the eyes, nose, and throat. 1,3-Butadiene is a known human carcinogen.
NotesData Source: USEPA National-scale Air Toxics Assessment (NATA), 2011 and NJDEP Division of Air Quality
DefinitionMean of modeled annual average 1,3-butadiene concentration for census tracts in a county, using 2011 NATA data
NumeratorModeled mean 1,3-butadiene concentration in micrograms per cubic meter
How Are We Doing?All New Jersey counties exceed the health benchmark of 0.033 micrograms of 1,3-butadiene per cubic meter of air. The highest ambient air concentrations can be found in the northeast counties (Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Passaic, Union), and Camden County.
What Is Being Done?Like carbon monoxide, 1,3-butadiene is a product of incomplete combustion, and its presence in automobile exhaust is controlled to some degree by catalytic converters. Industrial facilities that emit this chemical must obtain permits from the NJDEP Air Program and are also subject to state and federal air pollution control technology requirements.
Available ServicesTo view select air quality data collected at outdoor monitors across the United States go to: [http://www.epa.gov/airdata/] New Jersey County historic Risk Ratio tables can be found at the following URL: [http://www.state.nj.us/dep/airmon/airtoxics/nataest.htm#rrtab]
Page Content Updated On 11/15/2016, Published on 08/23/2017