Health Indicator Report of Suicide
Suicide is the 10th leading cause of death among Americans and 11th among New Jerseyans. The average annual suicide count among New Jersey residents is nearly 800 and there are more than twice as many suicides as homicides in the state.
NotesThis is Healthy New Jersey 2020 (HNJ2020) Objective IVP-3.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Compressed Mortality File. CDC WONDER On-line Database accessed at [http://wonder.cdc.gov/cmf-icd10.html]
- Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
- Population Estimates, State Data Center, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html]
DefinitionDeaths with suicide as the underlying cause. Suicide is defined as death resulting from the intentional use of force against oneself. ICD-10 codes: X60-X84, Y87.0
NumeratorNumber of deaths due to suicide
DenominatorTotal number of persons in the population
Healthy People Objective: Reduce the suicide rateU.S. Target: 10.2 suicides per 100,000 (age-adjusted)
State Target: 5.9 suicides per 100,000 (age-adjusted)
Other ObjectivesObjective IVP-3: Reduce the age-adjusted mortality rate due to suicide per 100,000 standard population to 5.9 for the total population, 7.0 among Whites, 2.5 among Blacks, 5.5 among Hispanics, and 4.6 among Asians.
How Are We Doing?Suicide is the third leading cause of death among New Jersey residents aged 10-29 years, second among those aged 30-34, fourth among those aged 35-49, and 11th among all ages. Suicide has been increasing in New Jersey in recent years, going from about 500 deaths in 2005 to 789 in 2015. The majority (60%) of suicides are White males and the age-adjusted death rate among this group is more than double that of any other racial/ethnic/sex group. County rates per 100,000 population (age-adjusted) range from 5.6 in Essex to 15.3 in Salem.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?New Jersey's age-adjusted suicide rate is the third lowest in the nation, after D.C. and New York, and is consistently well below the national rate.
What Is Being Done?In 2013, the NJ Hopeline Call Center was [http://www.state.nj.us/humanservices/news/press/2013/approved/20130508.html launched] to serve as a backup to the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline network during times of excess call volume or after the Lifeline Crisis Centers' operating hours. The New Jersey [http://www.sprc.org/sites/default/files/New%20Jersey%202015-preventionplan.pdf Strategy for Youth Suicide Prevention 2015] was developed by community partners and the New Jersey Youth Suicide Prevention Advisory Council to guide the State's efforts to prevent youth suicides and the [http://www.sprc.org/sites/default/files/New%20Jersey%20Adult%20Suicide%20Prevention%20Plan%20Final%202014-17.pdf Adult Suicide Prevention Plan 2014-2017] from the NJ Department of Human Services contains strategies and actions in addition to crisis responses for the specific concerns related to adult suicide. The Governor's Study Commission on Violence [http://nj.gov/oag/newsreleases15/pr20151013a.html released a report] of recommendations to the Governor on ways to combat all types of violence from a public health perspective in October, 2015. The New Jersey Department of Health maintains the [http://www.nj.gov/health/chs/njvdrs/ New Jersey Violent Death Reporting System] (NJVDRS), a CDC-funded surveillance system that tracks suicides, homicides, unintentional firearm deaths, injury deaths of undetermined intent, and deaths by legal intervention and is used to educate public health and public safety professionals in the state and inform their interventions and decision-making, with the ultimate goal of reducing the incidence of violent deaths. NJVDRS is part of the National Violent Death Reporting System, which now funds 42 states and territories. CHS has analyzed firearm suicides, adolescent suicides, and suicide among police officers in collaboration with the New Jersey State Attorney General's Office as part of the Governor's Task Force on Police Suicide. CHS was involved in a collaborative effort with other state and community agencies, culminating in the release of "[http://www.nj.gov/health/chs/documents/injury_prevention.pdf Preventing Injury in New Jersey: Priorities for Action]", a comprehensive set of recommendations for injury and violence prevention. Recommendations to prevent suicide included the development and implementation of community-based suicide prevention programs and to promote efforts to reduce access to lethal means and methods of self-harm, including firearm safety awareness.
Available ServicesNJDHS Mental Health and Addiction Services: [http://www.state.nj.us/humanservices/dmhas/home/hotlines/] National Suicide Prevention Lifeline: 1-800-273-TALK (8255) or [http://chat.suicidepreventionlifeline.org/GetHelp/LifelineChat.aspx] NJHOPELINE: 855-654-6735 or [http://www.njhopeline.com/LiveChat.htm]
Page Content Updated On 07/13/2017, Published on 08/11/2017