Skip directly to searchSkip directly to the site navigationSkip directly to the page's main content

Health Indicator Report of Tuberculosis Incidence

If not treated properly, tuberculosis (TB) disease can be fatal. TB bacteria usually attack the lungs but may attack any part of the body. The bacteria are typically spread through the air when a person with TB disease of the lungs or throat expels tiny airborne particles which people nearby can breathe in and become infected. Early detection and treatment of TB are essential to control the spread of the disease and to prevent outbreaks.[https://www.cdc.gov/tb/topic/basics/default.htm ^1^]

Notes

This is Healthy New Jersey 2020 (HNJ2020) Objective TB-1. 2016 data is provisional.

Data Sources

  • National TB Surveillance System (TB), CDC/NCHHSTP, [https://www.cdc.gov/tb/statistics/tbcases.htm]
  • Tuberculosis Information Management System, Tuberculosis Control Program, Division of HIV, STD, and TB Services, New Jersey Department of Health, [http://www.nj.gov/health/hivstdtb/tb/]

Definition

Tuberculosis incidence rate per 100,000 population

Numerator

Number of new tuberculosis cases

Denominator

Total number of persons in the population

Healthy People Objective: Reduce tuberculosis (TB)

U.S. Target: 1.0 new cases per 100,000 population
State Target: 3.5 new cases per 100,000 population

Other Objectives

'''Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective TB-1''': Reduce the incidence rate of tuberculosis per 100,000 population to 3.5 among the total population. ''The NJDOH Tuberculosis Control Program does not have funding or personnel for targeted interventions. Because the effectiveness of non-existent interventions can not be determined, there are no targets by race/ethnicity.''

How Are We Doing?

The incidence of TB has been generally declining in New Jersey since 1992, the peak year of TB resurgence in the US,^2^ and the Healthy New Jersey 2020 target has been met. The TB incidence rate is highest among Asians, followed by Hispanics, Blacks, and Whites. The Asian rate is more than double the rate among Hispanics and more than triple the rate among Blacks. The majority of cases among Asians and Hispanics are foreign-born.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

The TB incidence rate in New Jersey was 14% above the U.S. rate in 2016 and New Jersey is one of only eight states reporting an incidence rate above the national rate.^2^

What Is Being Done?

The [http://www.state.nj.us/health/hivstdtb/tb/ Tuberculosis Control Program] supports TB ambulatory care activities (clinical evaluation, treatment, prevention and epidemiology) at the county, municipal, and institutional level through the provision of health service grant funds, staff, medication, consultation, and education. The program also collaborates closely with the [http://globaltb.njms.rutgers.edu/ New Jersey Medical School's Global TB Institute] at Rutgers University to provide training.

Health Program Information

[http://www.state.nj.us/health/hivstdtb/tb/ NJDOH Tuberculosis Control Program]
Page Content Updated On 09/11/2017, Published on 09/25/2017
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Sat, 16 December 2017 3:56:16 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

Content updated: Wed, 15 Nov 2017 07:52:42 EST