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Health Indicator Report of Deaths due to Unintentional Injury

Unintentional injury is the leading cause of deaths among persons aged 1-44 years and the third leading cause among all ages combined. Unintentional injuries are, for the most part, preventable.

Data Sources

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Compressed Mortality File. CDC WONDER On-line Database accessed at [http://wonder.cdc.gov/cmf-icd10.html]
  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, State Data Center, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html]

Definition

Deaths with unintentional injury as the underlying cause of death. ICD-10 codes: V01-X59, Y85-Y86 Unintentional injuries are commonly referred to as accidents and include poisonings (drugs, alcohol, fumes, pesticides, etc.), motor vehicle crashes, falls, fire, drowning, suffocation, and any other external cause of death.

Numerator

Number of deaths due to unintentional injury

Denominator

Total number of persons in the population

Healthy People Objective: Reduce unintentional injury deaths

U.S. Target: 36.4 deaths per 100,000 population

How Are We Doing?

In New Jersey, nearly 4,000 deaths were due to unintentional injuries in 2016. These include poisonings, motor vehicle-related fatalities, falls, suffocation, drowning, fire and smoke-related injuries, and others. The age-adjusted death rate due to unintentional injury had been increasing in recent years with a rise in unintentional poisonings. In the total population and among each racial/ethnic group, males have much higher death rates than females. In New Jersey, the age-adjusted death rate due to unintentional injury is highest among White males followed by Black males. County rates per 100,000 population (age-adjusted) range from a low of 26 in Bergen to a high of 71 in Cape May.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

The New Jersey age-adjusted death rate due to unintentional injury is 14% below the U.S. rate but the gap is closing due to the opioid crisis. New Jersey's stringent helmet laws and laws related to motor vehicle safety likely contribute to the state's continued lower death rate overall. The state's dense population also allows most residents to be in close proximity to hospitals that offer high quality trauma treatment.

Available Services

Poison Control: [http://www.njpies.org/] or 1-800-222-1222 Child Safety Seat Check Events: [http://www.nj.gov/oag/hts/childseats/childseatchecks.html] Fall Prevention: [http://nj.gov/humanservices/doas/services/fallprev/index.html]
Page Content Updated On 04/23/2018, Published on 04/23/2018
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Fri, 20 July 2018 23:39:23 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

Content updated: Wed, 23 May 2018 05:01:08 EDT