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NCHS 130 Selected Causes of Infant Death

In order to provide a consistent grouping and ranking standard, the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) prepared a List of 130 Selected Causes of Infant Death. Seventy-one causes on that list were designated as eligible to be ranked as leading causes of infant death (List of 71 Rankable Causes of Infant Death). For more information about the NCHS rankings see Cause of Death Ranking on the NCHS website.

ICD-9 was used to code death causes from 1979 through 1998. ICD-9 codes and comparability ratios are included below for comparison to pre-1999 mortality data. ICD-9-CM is still is use for hospital and emergency department diagnoses and procedures.

A full list of ICD codes is available at http://www.who.int/classifications/icd/en/.


Cause of Death

ICD-9 Codes

ICD-10 Codes

Comparability Ratio

Standard Error

Note

1 Certain intestinal infectious diseases 001-008 A00-A08 ** **
2 Diarrhea and gastroenteritis of infectious origin 009 A09 0.00 0.00
3 Tuberculosis 010-018 A16-A19 ** **
4 Tetanus 037, 771.3 A33, A35 ** **
5 Diphtheria 032 A36 ** **
6 Whooping cough 033 A37 ** **
7 Meningococcal infection 036 A39 0.9615 0.0377
8 Septicemia 038 A40-A41 1.3802 0.0713
9 Congenital syphilis 090 A50 ** **
10 Gonococcal infection 098 A54 ** **
11 Acute poliomyelitis 045 A80 ** ** Polio
12 Varicella 052 B01 ** ** Chickenpox
13 Measles 055 B05 ** **
14 Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease 042-044 B20-B24 ** ** HIV/AIDS
15 Mumps 072 B26 ** **
16 Other and unspecified viral diseases 046-051, 053-054, 056-071, 073-079 A81-B00, B02-B04, B06-B19, B25, B27-B34 0.9722 0.1255
17 Candidiasis 112 B37 ** **
18 Malaria 084 B50-B54 ** **
19 Pneumocyctosis 136.3 B59 ** **
20 All other and unspecified infectious and parasitic diseases 020-031, 034.1-0357, 039-041, 080-083, 085-088, 091-097, 099-111, 114-134, 136.0-136.2, 136.4-139 A20-A32, A38, A42-A49, A51-A53, A55-A79, B35-B36, B38-B49, B55-B58, B60-B99 ** **
21 Hodgkin's disease and Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas 200-202 C81-C85 ** **
22 Leukemia 204-208 C91-C95 ** **
23 Other and unspecified malignant neoplasms 140-199, 203 C00-C80, C88, C90, C96-C97 1.0714 0.0906
24 In situ neoplasms, benign neoplasms and neoplasms of uncertain or unknown behavior 210-239 D00-D48 0.9615 0.1131
25 Anemias 280-285 D50-D64 ** **
26 Hemorrhagic conditions and other diseases of blood and blood-forming organs 286-289 D65-D76 ** **
27 Certain disorders involving the immune mechanism 135,279 D80-D89 ** **
28 Short stature, not elsewhere classified 259.4 E34.3 ** **
29 Nutritional deficiencies 260-269 E40-E64 ** **
30 Cystic fibrosis 277.0 E84 ** **
31 Volume depletion, diorders of fluid, electrolyte and acid-base balance 276 E86-E87 0.7547 0.0852
32 All other endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases 240-259.3, 259.8-259.9, 270-275, 277.1-278 E00-E32, E34.0-E34.2, E34.4-E34.9, E65-E83, E85, E88 1.1636 0.0809
33 Meningitis 320-322 G00, G03 1.0000 0.0404
34 Infantile spinal muscular atrophy, type I 335.0 G12.0 1.0000 0.0521 Werdnig-Hoffman
35 Infantile cerebral palsy 343 G80 ** **
36 Anoxic brain damage, not elsewhere classified 348.1 G93.1 0.9667 0.1269
37 Other diseases of nervous system 323-334, 335.1-342, 344-348.0, 348.2-359, 435 G04, G06-G11, G12.1-G12.9, G20-G72, G81-G92, G93.0, G93.2-G93.9, G95-G98 1.1508 0.0532
38 Diseases of the ear and mastoid process 380-389 H60-H93 ** **
39 Pulmonary heart disease and diseases of pulmonary circulation 415-417 I26-I28 1.1220 0.0447
40 Pericarditis, endocarditis and myocarditis 415-417 I30, I33, I40 ** **
41 Cardiomyopathy 425 I42 0.9762 0.0166
42 Cardiac arrest 427.5 I46 0.2874 0.0508
43 Cerebrovascular diseases 430-434, 436-438 I60-I69 0.4724 0.0510 Stroke
44 All other diseases of circulatory system 390-414, 423-424, 426-427.4, 427.6-429, 440-459 I00-I25, I31, I34-I38, I44-I45, I47-I51, I70-I99 0.7154 0.0519
45 Acute upper respiratory infections 034.0, 460-465 J00-J06 ** **
46 Influenza 487 J09-J11 ** ** Flu
47 Pneumonia 480-486 J12-J18 0.7593 0.0266
48 Acute bronchitis and acute bronchiolitis 466 J20-J21 0.8049 0.0758
49 Bronchitis, chronic and unspecified 490-491 J40-J42 ** **
50 Asthma 493 J45-J46 ** **
51 Pneumonitis due to solids and liquids 507 J69 ** **
52 Other and unspecified diseases of respiratory system 470-479, 492, 494-506, 508-519 J22, J30-J39, J43-J44, J47-J68, J70-J98, U04 0.9213 0.0632
53 Gastritis, duodenitis, and noninfective enteritis and colitis 535, 555-558 K29, K50-K55 2.9149 0.3879
54 Hernia of abdominal cavity and intestinal obstruction without hernia 550-553, 560 K40-K46, K56 ** **
55 All other and unspecified diseases of digestive system 520-534, 536-543, 562-579 K00-K28, K30-K38, K57-K92 0.9767 0.0708
56 Renal failure and other disorders of kidney 584-589 N17-N19, N25, N27 1.0408 0.0658
57 Other and unspecified diseases of genitourinary system 580-583, 590-629 N00-N15, N20-N23, N26, N28-N95 ** **
58 Newborn affected by maternal hypertensive disorders 760.0 P00.0 1.0455 0.0465
59 Newborn affected by other maternal conditions which may be unrelated to present pregnancy 760.1-760.6, 760.8-760.9 P00.1-P00.9 ** **
60 Newborn affected by incompetent cervix 761.0 P01.0 1.0199 0.0188
61 Newborn affected by premature rupture of membranes 761.1 P01.1 1.0228 0.0136
62 Newborn affected by multiple pregnancy 761.5 P01.5 1.0097 0.0507
63 Newborn affected by other maternal complications of pregnancy 761.2-761.4, 761.6-761.9 P01.2-P01.4, P01.6-P01.9 1.2188 0.1655
64 Newborn affected by complications involving placenta 762.0-762.3 P02.0-P02.3 1.0737 0.0174
65 Newborn affected by complications involving cord 762.4-762.6 P02.4-P02.6 ** **
66 Newborn affected by chorioamnionitis 762.7 P02.7 1.0118 0.0163
67 Newborn affected by other and unspecified abnomalities of membranes 762.8-762.9 P02.8-P02.9 ** **
68 Newborn affected by other complications of labor and delivery 763.0-763.4, 763.6-763.9 P03 1.8500 0.3262
69 Newborn affected by noxious influences transmitted via placenta or breast milk 760.7, 763.5 P04 ** **
70 Slow fetal growth and fetal malnutrition 764 P05 1.1333 0.1004
71 Extremely low birth weight or extreme immaturity 765.0 P07.0, P07.2 1.1083 0.0079
72 Other low birth weight or preterm 765.1 P07.1, P07.3 1.0993 0.0135
73 Disorders related to long gestation and high birth weight 766 P08 ** **
74 Birth trauma 767 P10-P15 0.0442 0.0197
75 Intrauterine hypoxia 768.2-768.4 P20 0.9048 0.1227
76 Birth asphyxia 768.5-768.9 P21 1.6075 0.0763
77 Respiratory distress of newborn 769 P22 1.0257 0.0131
78 Congenital pneumonia 770.0 P23 3.8000 0.9004
79 Neonatal aspiration syndromes 770.1 P24 1.3929 0.1115
80 Interstitial emphysema and related conditions originating in the perinatal period 770.2 P25 1.2066 0.0595
81 Pulmonary hemorrhage originating in the perinatal period 770.3 P26 1.4621 0.0751
82 Chronic respiratory disease originating in the perinatal period 770.7 P27 1.1355 0.0327
83 Atelectasis 770.4-770.5 P28.0-P28.1 2.0649 0.1144
84 All other respiratory conditions originating in the perinatal period 770.6-770.8 P28.2-P28.9 0.0660 0.0101
85 Bacterial sepsis of newborn 771.8 P36 0.9144 0.0272
86 Omphalitis of newborn with or without mild hemorrhage 771.4 P38 ** **
87 All other infections specific to the perinatal period 771.0-771.2, 771.5-771.7 P35, P37, P39 2.4474 0.3705
88 Neonatal hemorrhage 772 P50-P52, P54 1.4369 0.0698
89 Hemorrhagic disease of newborn 776.0 P53 ** **
90 Hemolytic disease of newborn due to isoimmunization and perinatal jaundice 773-774 P55-P59 ** **
91 Hematological disorders 776.1-776.9 P60-P61 ** **
92 Syndrome of infant of a diabetic mother and neonatal diabetes mellitus 775.0-775.1 P70.0-P70.2 ** **
93 Necrotizing entercolitis of newborn 777.5 P77 1.2266 0.0456
94 Hydrops fetalis not due to hemolytic disease 778.0 P83.2 1.0000 0.0264
95 Other perinatal conditions 775.2-775.9, 777.0-777.4, 777.6-777.9, 778.1-779 P29, P70.3-P70.9, P71-P76, P78-P81, P83.0-P83.1, P83.3-P83.9, P90-P96 1.1447 0.0192
96 Anencephaly and similar malformations 740 Q00 1.0000 0.0000
97 Congenital hydrocephalus 742.3 Q03 0.6813 0.0552
98 Spina bifida 741 Q05 0.7500 0.0765
99 Other congenital malformations of nervous system 742.0-742.2, 742.4-742.9 Q01-Q02, Q04, Q06-Q07 1.0791 0.0477
100 Congenital malformations of heart 745-746 Q20-Q24 0.9951 0.0081
101 Other congenital malformationsof circulatory system 747 Q25-Q28 0.6198 0.0504
102 Congenital malformations of respiratory system 748 Q30-Q34 0.6322 0.0225
103 Congenital malformations of digestive system 749-751 Q35-Q45 ** **
104 Congenital malformations of genitourinary system 752-753 Q50-Q64 0.9432 0.0244
105 Congenital malformations and deformations of musculoskeletal system, limbs and integument 754-757 Q65-Q85 0.8650 0.0319
106 Down's syndrome 758.0 Q90 0.9828 0.0705
107 Edward's syndrome 758.2 Q91.0-Q91.3 0.9964 0.0080
108 Patau's syndrome 758.1 Q91.4-Q91.7 0.9827 0.0099
109 Other congenital malformations and deformations 743-744, 759 Q10-Q18, Q86-Q89 0.9744 0.0210
110 Other chromosomal abnormalities, not elsewhere classified 758.2-758.9 Q92-Q99 1.0755 0.0783
111 Sudden infant death syndrome 798.0 R95 1.0362 0.0040 SIDS
112 Other symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified 780-796, 798.1-799 R00-R53, R55-R94, R96-R99 0.9069 0.0270
113 All other diseases (Residual) 280-319, 360-379, 680-739 F01-F99, H00-H57, L00-M99 ** **
114 Motor vehicle accidents E810-E825 V02-V04, V09.0, V09.2, V12-V14, V19.0-V19.2, V19.4-V19.6, V20-V79, V80.3-V80.5, V81.0-V81.1, V82.0-V82.1, V83-V86, V87.0-V87.8, V88.0-V88.8, V89.0, V89.2 0.9694 0.0176 Includes cars, trucks, vans, buses, et. al.
115 Other and unspecified transport accidents E800-E807, E826-E848, E929.1 V01, V05-V06, V09.1, V09.3-V09.9, V10-V11, V15-V18, V19.3, V19.8-V19.9, V80.0-V80.2, V80.6-V80.9, V81.2-V81.9, V82.2-V82.9, V87.9, V88.9, V89.1, V89.3, V89.9, V90-V99 ** ** Includes trains, boats, planes, et. al.
116 Falls E880-E888 W00-W19 ** **
117 Accidental discharge of firearms E922 W32-W34 ** **
118 Accidental drowning and submersion E910 W65-W74 ** ** Includes in bathtub, pool, lake, ocean, river, et. al. Excludes water transport accidents
119 Accidental suffocation and strangulation in bed E913.0 W75 ** **
120 Other accidental suffocation and strangulation E913.1-E913.9 W76-W77, W81-W84 1.1449 0.0537
121 Accidental inhalation and ingestation of food or other objects causing obstruction of respiratory tract E911-E912 W78-W80 1.1034 0.0810
122 Accidents caused by exposure to smoke, fire and flames E890-E899 X00-X09 ** **
123 Accidental poisoning and exposure to noxious substances E850-E869, E924.1 X40-X49 ** **
124 Other and unspecified accidents E900-E909, E914-E921, E923-E924.0, E924.8-E929 W20-W31, W35-W64, W85-W99, X10-X39, X50-X59 ** **
125 Assault (homicide) by hanging, strangulation and suffocation E963 X91 ** **
126 Assault (homicide) by discharge of firearms E965.0-E965.4 *U01.4, X93-X95 ** **
127 Neglect, abandonment and other maltreatment syndrome E967, E968.4 Y06-Y07 ** **
128 Assault (homicide) by other and unspecified means E960-E962, E964, E965.5-E966, E968.0-E968.3, E968.8-E968.9 *U01.0-*U01.3, *U01.5-*U01.9, X85-X90, X92, X96-Y05, Y08-Y09 1.0341 0.0417
129 Complications of medical and surgical care E870-E879, E930-E949 Y40-Y84 ** **
130 Other external causes E970-E979 Y10-Y36 ** **

The new ICD codes for terrorism are preceded with '*'. See Classification of Death and Injury Resulting from Terrorism on the CDC website.

** Figure does not meet NCHS standards for reliability or precision.

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Content updated: Wed, 15 Nov 2017 07:52:42 EST