Diabetes occurs when the body cannot produce enough insulin or cannot respond appropriately to insulin, which is a hormone that the body needs to absorb and use glucose (sugar) as fuel for the body's cells. Without a properly functioning insulin signaling system, blood glucose levels become elevated and other metabolic abnormalities occur, leading to the development of serious, disabling complications.1
1. Diabetes Overview. Healthy People 2020. 1/26/18.
Diabetes is disproportionately distributed across the population. There are significant disparities in prevalence, treatment, and mortality based on race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and weight status.
- Screening and Prevalence: The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) tracks the prevalence of diagnosed diabetes and pre-diabetes among adults as well as hemoglobin screening and dilated eye exam rates among adults with diabetes.
- Morbidity: The Hospital Inpatient Discharge Data system monitors inpatient hospital discharges, including hospitalization for diabetes-related conditions and procedures, such as lower extremity amputations.
- Mortality: Death certificates are a fundamental source of demographic, geographic, and cause-of-death information. They make it possible to track every death in the nation due to diabetes.
Diabetes - Adults (BRFSS)
- Diabetes Prevalence - Crude Rates
- Diabetes Prevalence - Age-adjusted Rates
- Ever Told You Have Prediabetes - Crude Rates
- Ever Told You Have Prediabetes - Age-adjusted Rates